Caroline T Y Cheung

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Collaborator of ARF (CARF), initially identified as a binding partner of ARF (Alternate Reading Frame), has been shown to activate ARF-p53 pathway by multiple ways including stabilization of ARF and p53 tumor suppressor proteins, and transcriptional repression of a p53 antagonist, HDM2. Level of CARF expression was shown to determine fate of cells. Whereas(More)
Replicative senescence, a major outcome of normal cells with finite lifespan, is a widely accepted in vitro model for ageing studies. Limited repair and defense mechanisms of normal cells, in addition to DNA alterations and oncogene inductions under stress, are believed to result in senescence as a protective mechanism to prevent undesirable proliferation(More)
The tumor suppressor protein, p53, is central to the pathways that monitor the stress, DNA damage repair, cell cycle, aging, and cancer. Highly complex p53 networks involving its upstream sensors and regulators, downstream effectors and regulatory feedback loops have been identified. CARF (Collaborator of ARF) was shown to enhance ARF-dependent and(More)
Collaborator of ARF (CARF) has been shown to directly bind to and regulate p53, a central protein that controls tumor suppression via cellular senescence and apoptosis. However, the cellular functions of CARF and the mechanisms governing its effect on senescence, apoptosis, or proliferation are still unknown. Our previous studies have shown that (i) CARF is(More)
Collaborator of ARF (CARF) was cloned as an ARF-interacting protein and shown to regulate the p53-p21(WAF1)-HDM2 pathway, which is central to tumor suppression via senescence and apoptosis. We had previously reported that CARF inhibition in cancer cells led to polyploidy and caspase-dependent apoptosis, however, the mechanisms governing this phenomenon(More)
CARF is an ARF-binding protein that has been shown to regulate the p53-p21-HDM2 pathway. CARF overexpression was shown to cause growth arrest of human cancer cells and premature senescence of normal cells through activation of the p53 pathway. Because replicative senescence involves permanent withdrawal from the cell cycle in response to DNA damage(More)
Collaborator of ARF (CARF) was first cloned as an ARF partner in yeast two-hybrid screens. It enhances ARF-dependent and -independent p53 functions, which are central to the control of cell growth and tumor suppression in human cells. CARF interacts with ARF, p53, and MDM2 proteins, and in turn gets regulated by MDM2-mediated degradation, suggesting a(More)
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