Caroline Smet

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Neuronal death is a process which may be either physiological or pathological. Apoptosis and necrosis are two of these processes which are particularly studied. However, in neurodegenerative disorders, some neurons escape to these types of death and "agonize" in a process referred to as neurofibrillary degeneration. Neurofibrillary degeneration is(More)
In Alzheimer's disease, the peptidyl prolyl cis/trans isomerase Pin1 binds to phospho-Thr231 on Tau proteins and, hence, is found within degenerating neurons, where it is associated to the large amounts of abnormally phosphorylated Tau proteins. Conversely, Pin1 may restore the tubulin polymerization function of these hyperphosphorylated Tau. In the present(More)
A combined strategy to obtain a partial NMR assignment of the neuronal Tau protein is presented. Confronted with the extreme spectral degeneracy that the spectrum of this 441 amino acid long unstructured protein presents, we have introduced a graphical procedure based on residue type-specific product planes. Combining this strategy with the search for(More)
A prerequisite to dephosphorylation at Ser-Pro or Thr-Pro motifs is the isomerization of the imidic peptide bond preceding the proline. The peptidyl-prolyl cis/trans isomerase named Pin1 catalyzes this mechanism. Through isomerization, Pin1 regulates the function of a growing number of targets including the microtubule-associated tau protein and is supposed(More)
In this review, we focus on what we have learned from Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) studies on the neuronal microtubule-associated protein Tau. We consider both the mechanistic details of Tau: the tubulin relationship and its aggregation process. Phosphorylation of Tau is intimately linked to both aspects. NMR spectroscopy has depicted accurate(More)
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