Caroline Smet

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A combined strategy to obtain a partial NMR assignment of the neuronal Tau protein is presented. Confronted with the extreme spectral degeneracy that the spectrum of this 441 amino acid long unstructured protein presents, we have introduced a graphical procedure based on residue type-specific product planes. Combining this strategy with the search for(More)
The neuronal Tau protein, whose physiological role is to stabilize the microtubules, is found under the form of aggregated filaments and tangles in Alzheimer's diseased neurons. Until recently detailed structural analysis of the natively unfolded Tau protein has been hindered due to its shear size and unfavourable amino acid composition. We review here the(More)
Neuronal death is a process which may be either physiological or pathological. Apoptosis and necrosis are two of these processes which are particularly studied. However, in neurodegenerative disorders, some neurons escape to these types of death and "agonize" in a process referred to as neurofibrillary degeneration. Neurofibrillary degeneration is(More)
NMR spectroscopy of the full-length neuronal Tau protein has proved to be difficult due to the length of the protein and the unfavorable amino acid composition. We show that the random-coil chemical shift values and their dependence on the presence of a proline residue in the (i+1) position can successfully be exploited to assign all proline-directed(More)
PIN1 participates in the regulation of a number of signalling pathways in the cell involving protein phosphorylation/dephosphorylation. Its role seems to be an essential control level in addition to the protein phosphorylation by proline-directed kinases. Its cellular function includes regulation of the cell cycle by interaction with phosphorylated mitotic(More)
Since its discovery 10 years ago, Pin1, a prolyl cis/trans isomerase essential for cell cycle progression, has been implicated in a large number of molecular processes related to human diseases, including cancer and Alzheimer's disease. Pin1 is made up of a WW interaction domain and a C-terminal catalytic subunit, and several high-resolution structures are(More)
In Alzheimer's disease, the peptidyl prolyl cis/trans isomerase Pin1 binds to phospho-Thr231 on Tau proteins and, hence, is found within degenerating neurons, where it is associated to the large amounts of abnormally phosphorylated Tau proteins. Conversely, Pin1 may restore the tubulin polymerization function of these hyperphosphorylated Tau. In the present(More)
The interaction between the neuronal Tau protein and the Pin1 prolyl cis/trans-isomerase is dependent on the phosphorylation state of the former. The interaction site was mapped to the unique phospho-Thr231-Pro232 motif, despite the presence of many other Thr/Ser-Pro phosphorylation sites in Tau and structural evidence that the interaction site does not(More)
Interactions involving phosphorylated Ser/Thr-Pro motifs in proteins play a key role in numerous regulatory processes in the cell. Here, we investigate potential ligands of the WW binding domain of Pin1 in order to inhibit protein-protein interactions between Pin1 and phosphopeptides. Our structure-based strategy implies the synthesis of analogues of the(More)
The WW module of the peptidyl-prolyl cis/trans isomerase Pin1 targets specifically phosphorylated proteins involved in the cell cycle through the recognition of phospho-Thr(Ser)-Pro motifs. When the microtubule-associated Tau protein becomes hyperphosphorylated, it equally becomes a substrate for Pin1, with two recognition sites described around the(More)