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Gadolinium-based contrast agents are widely used to enhance image contrast in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) procedures. Over recent years, there has been a renewed interest in the physicochemical properties of gadolinium chelates used as contrast agents for MRI procedures, as it has been suggested that dechelation of these molecules could be involved in(More)
When ligands and receptors are both attached on surfaces, because of the restriction of configurational freedom, their recognition kinetics may be substantially reduced as compared with freely diffusing species. In nature, this reduction may influence the efficiency of the capture and adhesion of circulating cells. Here we show that similar consequences are(More)
Colloidal dispersions of monodispersed and high-crystalline magnetite nanoparticles have been used to establish a relationship between magnetic properties and magnetic resonance (MR) relaxometric parameters in vitro. Magnetite nanoparticles with diameters between 4 and 14 nm were synthesized by thermal decomposition of Fe(acac)3 in different organic(More)
OBJECTIVE the purpose of this study was to compare the clinical, pathologic, and biochemical effects of repeated administrations of ionic macrocyclic or nonionic linear gadolinium chelates (GC) in rats with impaired renal function. MATERIAL AND METHODS rats submitted to subtotal nephrectomy were allocated to single injections of 2.5 mmol/kg of gadodiamide(More)
Nephrogenic systemic fibrosis (NSF) is an iatrogenic scleroderma-like fibrosing systemic disorder occurring in patients with severe or end-stage renal disease. It was established as a new clinical entity in the year 2000. A causal role for gadolinium chelates (GC), widely used as contrast agents for magnetic resonance imaging, was suggested six years later.(More)
In recent years there has been a renewed interest in the physicochemical properties of gadolinium chelates (GC). The aim of this review is to discuss the physicochemical properties of marketed GC with regard to possible biological consequences. GC can be classified according to three key molecular features: 1) the nature of the chelating moiety: either(More)
We have recently developed an optimized multi-spin echo (MSE) sequence dedicated to perfluorooctyl bromide (PFOB) imaging yielding an excellent sensitivity in vitro. The aim of the present study was to apply this sequence to quantitative measurements in the mouse liver and spleen after intravenous (i.v.) injection of PFOB emulsions. We first performed(More)
Delivery of therapeutic or diagnostic agents to the brain is majorly hindered by the blood-brain barrier (BBB). Recently, many studies have demonstrated local and transient disruption of the BBB using low power ultrasound sonication combined with intravascular microbubbles. However, BBB opening and closure mechanisms are poorly understood, especially the(More)
In the present work, the NMR properties of perfluorooctylbromide are revisited to derive a high-sensitivity fluorine MRI strategy. It is shown that the harmful effects of J-coupling can be eliminated by carefully choosing the bandwidth of the 180 degrees pulses in a spin-echo sequence. The T(2) of the CF(3) resonance of the molecule is measured using a(More)