Caroline Piau

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Here we report in a human, a renal transplant patient, the first disseminated infection with Nocardia cerradoensis, isolated after a brain biopsy. Species identification was based on 16S rRNA, gyrB, and hsp65 gene analyses. Antibiotic treatment was successful by combining carbapenems and aminoglycosides and then switching to oral(More)
Case series have suggested that pneumococcal endocarditis is a rare disease, mostly reported in patients with co-morbidities but no underlying valve disease, with a rapid progression to heart failure, and high mortality. We performed a case-control study of 28 patients with pneumococcal endocarditis (cases), and 56 patients with non-pneumococcal(More)
Sepsis is accompanied by the initial activation of proinflammatory pathways and long-lasting immunosuppression that appears to contribute to late-occurring mortality. Although high-mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) is involved in many aspects of inflammation, its role in sepsis-induced immune suppression remains unclear. In this study, we examined HMGB1's(More)
We report 2 cases of pulmonary Bordetella hinzii infection in immunodeficient patients. One of these rare cases demonstrated the potential transmission of the bacteria from an avian reservoir through occupational exposure and its persistence in humans. We establish bacteriologic management of these infections and suggest therapeutic options if needed.
This study reports six consecutive patients who underwent heart transplantation as salvage treatment for endocarditis (Duke criteria) with extensive perivalvular lesions and end-stage heart failure. The median age was 45 years (range, 24 to 64), and the aortic valve was affected in all patients. Pathogens were Staphylococcus aureus (n = 2), Streptococcus(More)
Knowledge regarding antimicrobial therapy strategies in deep sternal wound infections (DSWI) following cardiac surgery is limited. Therefore, we aimed to determine the steady-state plasma and mediastinal concentrations of oxacillin administered by continuous infusion in critically ill patients with DSWI and to compare these concentrations with the(More)
OBJECTIVES We have shown that the routine use of a multiple decontamination regimen with oropharyngeal and digestive polymyxin/tobramycin/amphotericin B plus mupirocin/chlorhexidine in intubated patients reduced all-cause acquired infections (AIs) in the intensive care unit (ICU). We now assessed the long-term impact of this strategy on AIs involving(More)
21 Herein we report the first human disseminated infection with Nocardia cerradoensis in a 22 renal transplant patient, and isolated after a brain biopsy. Species identification was based 23 on 16S rRNA, gyrB and hsp65 gene analyses. Antibiotic treatment was successful by 24 combining carbapenems and aminoglycosides, before switching to oral trimethoprim25(More)
To the Editors: We read with interest the recent report by Campaner et al of a 7-year-old girl with extensive anogenital warts (AGW) successfully treated with topical 5% imiquimod cream and a subsequent ablative procedure under general anesthesia. We describe the use of dual immunotherapy and imiquimod together with cimetidine to eradicate extremely severe(More)
Parapneumonic pleural effusions represent the main cause of pleural infections. Their incidence is constantly increasing. Although by definition they are considered to be a "parapneumonic" phenomenon, the microbial epidemiology of these effusions differs from pneumonia with a higher prevalence of anaerobic bacteria. The first thoracentesis is the most(More)