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Activated protein C resistance caused by factor V Leiden is an important thrombophilia disorder which predisposes to venous thromboembolism. Some studies also suggest a role in the pathogenesis of arterial thrombosis and atherosclerosis. The authors have investigated the prevalence of activated protein C resistance and factor V Leiden in a series of 45(More)
Chronic cannabis (marijuana, hashish) smoking can result in dependence. Rodent studies show reversible downregulation of brain cannabinoid CB(1) (cannabinoid receptor type 1) receptors after chronic exposure to cannabis. However, whether downregulation occurs in humans who chronically smoke cannabis is unknown. Here we show, using positron emission(More)
Brain cannabinoid CB1 receptors contribute to alcohol-related behaviors in experimental animals, but their potential role in humans with alcohol dependence is poorly understood. We measured CB1 receptors in alcohol dependent patients in early and protracted abstinence, and in comparison with control subjects without alcohol use disorders, using positron(More)
Lactoferrin (Lf) is a negative regulator of myelopoiesis which operates by suppressing the release from mononuclear phagocytes of GM colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) or monokines which can then induce the release of GM-CSA from accessory cells. In this study, endotoxin-depleted, purified iron-saturated human Lf was assessed for its effect on the(More)
The use of prophylactic anti-D to prevent Rh D immunization in Rh D- women and subsequent hemolytic disease in Rh D+ infants is widespread, but has led to shortages of the anti-D Ig. With the aim of substituting monoclonal anti-D for Rh D prophylaxis, we have compared the abilities of monoclonal and polyclonal anti-D to clear Rh D+ red blood cells (RBCs)(More)
Intra-median raphé nucleus (MRN) administration of the 5-HT1A receptor agonist 8-OH-DPAT decreases lateral hypothalamic self-stimulation thresholds and is reported to have biphasic effects following systemic administration. These experiments attempted to extend the previous findings to mesolimbic pathway self-stimulation at ventral tegmental area (VTA)(More)
The process of signal transduction by interleukin 1 (IL-1) or tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF alpha) for the production of hematopoietic growth factors by cultured fibroblasts was studied using inhibitors for protein kinase C, cyclic nucleotide-dependent protein kinases, calmodulin-dependent protein kinases, and the Na(+)-H+ antiport system. The protein(More)
Residual donor leucocytes are responsible for many adverse transfusion reactions. Prestorage leucodepletion may ameliorate these effects and enhance product quality. We studied a bottom and top (BAT) system incorporating an integral filter for whole blood leucodepletion. Our evaluation assessed leucodepletion efficiency as well as in vitro SAG-M red cell(More)
There have been dramatic advancements in the treatment of chronic hepatitis C (HCV) infection. This is largely due to the approval of several direct-acting antiviral agents (DAAs) from a variety of medication classes with novel mechanisms of action. These therapies are a welcomed advancement given their improved efficacy and tolerability compared to(More)