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Transcript elongation by RNA polymerase is a dynamic process, capable of responding to a number of intrinsic and extrinsic signals. A number of elongation factors have been identified that enhance the rate or efficiency of transcription. One such class of factors facilitates RNA polymerase transcription through blocks to elongation by stimulating the(More)
Ternary complexes of DNA-dependent RNA polymerase with its DNA template and nascent transcript are central intermediates in transcription. In recent years, several unusual biochemical reactions have been discovered that affect the progression of RNA polymerase in ternary complexes through various transcription units. These reactions can be signaled(More)
RNA polymerase II lacking the fourth and seventh largest subunits (pol II delta 4/7) was purified from Saccharomyces cerevisiae strain rpb-4, in which the gene for the fourth largest subunit is deleted. pol II delta 4/7 was indistinguishable from wild-type pol II (holoenzyme) in promoter-independent initiation/chain elongation activity (400-800 nmol of(More)
The eukaryotic transcript elongation factor TFIIS enables RNA polymerase II to read through blocks to elongation in vitro and interacts genetically with a variety of components of the transcription machinery in vivo. In Saccharomyces cerevisiae, the gene encoding TFIIS (PPR2) is not essential, and disruption strains exhibit only mild phenotypes and an(More)
The transcriptionally active fragment of the yeast RNA polymerase II transcription elongation factor, TFIIS, comprises a three-helix bundle and a zinc ribbon motif joined by a linker region. We have probed the function of this fragment of TFIIS using structure-guided mutagenesis. The helix bundle domain binds RNA polymerase II with the same affinity as does(More)
The cell: an image library-CCDB (CIL-CCDB) (http://www.cellimagelibrary.org) is a searchable database and archive of cellular images. As a repository for microscopy data, it accepts all forms of cell imaging from light and electron microscopy, including multi-dimensional images, Z- and time stacks in a broad variety of raw-data formats, as well as movies(More)
Transgenic mice containing the human renin gene were constructed with the aim of examining the tissue- and cell-specific expression of human renin. The human renin transgene used consisted of a genomic sequence extending approximately 900 bp upstream and 400 bp downstream of the coding region and included all exon and intron sequences. Two assays were(More)
Unknown mechanisms exist to ensure that exons are not skipped during biogenesis of mRNA. Studies have connected transcription elongation with regulated alternative exon inclusion. To determine whether the relative rates of transcription elongation and spliceosome assembly might play a general role in enforcing constitutive exon inclusion, we measured exon(More)
Mouse As4.1 cells, obtained after transgene-targeted oncogenesis to induce neoplasia in renal renin expressing cells, express high levels of renin mRNA from their endogenous Ren-1(c) gene. We have previously identified a 242-base pair enhancer (coordinates -2866 to -2625 relative to the CAP site) upstream of the mouse Ren-1(c) gene. This enhancer, in(More)
Long recognized as a target of regulation in prokaryotes, transcript elongation has recently become the focus of many investigators interested in eukaryotic gene expression. The growth of this area has been fueled by the availability of new methods and molecular structures, expanding sequence databases and an appreciation for the exquisite coordination(More)