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Abstract. Electromyographic recordings were made from the trapezius muscle in 18 healthy subjects using surface electrodes placed bilaterally. A mechanical tap applied to the insertion of the lower fibres of trapezius evoked a reflex at 11.9 +/- 1.4 ms (mean plus minus SD) in the ipsilateral trapezius muscle. In addition and surprisingly, short latency,(More)
The control of the scapulothoracic muscles trapezius (Tr) and serratus anterior (SA) has been examined in normal human subjects. Electromyographic recordings were made from the SA and Tr muscles (upper trapezius UTr, lower trapezius LTr) using surface electrodes placed bilaterally. Magnetic stimulation of the motor cortex and electrical stimulation of(More)
Benign joint hypermobility syndrome (BJHS) is associated with the early development of certain degenerative conditions, which may be associated with altered muscle activity. This pilot study compared muscle activation patterns during postural tasks between people with BJHS who do not have pain and people with normal flexibility (control group). Sixteen(More)
The application of tape to the skin overlying the lower fibres of trapezius is generally thought to facilitate this muscle. However, this facilitation has not been thoroughly investigated. In this study, the effect of tape upon trapezius motoneurone pool excitability was assessed using the trapezius H reflex. The amplitude of the H reflex was measured(More)
  • C M Alexander
  • 2007
OBJECTIVE Reflexes of shoulder girdle muscles such as trapezius are evoked from muscle afferents supplying the forearm and hand in healthy subjects. These reflexes are thought to aid the stability of the shoulder during use of the arm and hand [Alexander CM, Harrison PJ. Reflex connections from forearm and hand afferents to shoulder girdle muscles in(More)
Using surface electromyographic recordings from the trapezius and serratus anterior muscles and percutaneous electrical stimulation of the median, ulnar and radial nerves, the reflex connections from forearm and hand afferents to these shoulder girdle muscles have been investigated in normal human subjects. Stimulation of the median, ulnar and radial nerves(More)
Descending bilateral control of external oblique (EO) and latissimus dorsi (LD) was investigated using transcranial magnetic stimulation. Contralateral (CL) motor evoked potential (MEP) thresholds were lower and latencies were shorter than for ipsilateral (IL) MEPs. Hotspots for EO were symmetrical; this was not the case for LD. The volumes of drive to the(More)
Taping along the skin overlying lower trapezius reduces motoneurone excitability in healthy subjects [Alexander, C.M., Stynes, S., Thomas, A., Lewis, J., Harison, P.J., 2003. Does tape facilitate or inhibit the lower fibres of trapezius? Manual Therapy 8, 37-41]. It remains unclear whether this effect is: (a) specific to trapezius and (b) specific to the(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate intra- and inter-session reliability of gait data in hypermobile and normal adults, and from this, determine the minimum detectable change (MDC) through 3D gait analysis (GA) measurement. METHODS Thirteen people with normal flexibility (Beighton score 0.82 ± 1.2) and 14 hypermobile people (Beighton score 5.6 ± 1.6) completed three(More)
We have previously reported that electrical stimulation of the ulnar nerve at group I strength evokes reflex excitation of the trapezius muscle in normal human subjects. In the present study this reflex has been evoked while subjects were performing a number of different tasks. When subjects performed a task involving a high degree of manual dexterity, the(More)