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The 50 patients in this survey were classified by a panel of neurologists into 4 clinical sub-groups: Group Ia ("typical" Friedreich's ataxia, complete picture), Group Ib ("typical" Friedreich's ataxia, incomplete picture), Group IIa ("atypical" Frriedreich's ataxia, possible recessive Roussy-Levy syndrome), Group IIb (heterogeneous ataxias). The clinical(More)
Systemic immunosuppression has been associated with stroke for many years, but the underlying mechanisms are poorly understood. In this study, we demonstrated that stroke induced profound behavioral changes in hepatic invariant NKT (iNKT) cells in mice. Unexpectedly, these effects were mediated by a noradrenergic neurotransmitter rather than a CD1d ligand(More)
Abstract Accumulating pre-clinical data suggests that matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) expression plays a critical role in the pathophysiology of secondary brain injury. We conducted a prospective multimodal monitoring study in order to characterize the temporal MMP response after severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) in eight critically ill humans and its(More)
An increasing number of preclinical investigations have suggested that the degree of expression of the matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) family of endopeptidases may explain some of the variability in neurological damage after traumatic brain injury (TBI). As cytokines are a prominent stimulus for MMP expression in animals, we conducted a prospective(More)
The evolution of 15 patients initially evaluated during Phase One of the Quebec Cooperative Study of Friedreich's ataxia has been studied approximately three years later. It is concluded that the deterioration of cardio-pulmonary function in Friedreich's ataxia is multifactorial. The neuromyopathy (or the underlying metabolic or cellular defect) appears to(More)
To investigate the potential role of the local expression of alternative complement factor B (hBf) in human sepsis, we examined the induction of Bf gene expression in human peripheral blood monocytes (PBMCs) from patients with septic shock and the mechanisms of hBf gene regulation by tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha, interferon (IFN)-gamma, and(More)
Metabolomics has become an important tool to study host-pathogen interactions and to discover potential novel therapeutic targets. In an attempt to develop a better understanding of the process of pathogenesis and the associated host response we have used a quantitative (1)H NMR approach to study the metabolic response to different bacterial infections.(More)
INTRODUCTION Septic shock is a major life-threatening condition in critically ill patients and it is well known that early recognition of septic shock and expedient initiation of appropriate treatment improves patient outcome. Unfortunately, to date no single compound has shown sufficient sensitivity and specificity to be used as a routine biomarker for(More)
BACKGROUND Damage control laparotomy, or abbreviated initial laparotomy followed by temporary abdominal closure (TAC), intensive care unit resuscitation, and planned re-laparotomy, is frequently used to manage intra-abdominal bleeding and contamination among critically ill or injured adults. Animal data suggest that TAC techniques that employ negative(More)
Fever is one of the most commonly observed abnormal signs in patients with critical illness. However, there is a paucity of evidence to guide the management of febrile patients without acute brain injury and little is known about the biologic response to treatment of fever. As such, observational studies suggest that the treatment of fever is inconsistent.(More)