Caroline Kennedy

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Steroid response encephalopathy associated with autoimmune thyroiditis (SREAT), or Hashimoto's encephalopathy, is a rare disorder believed to be immune-mediated. It is most often characterized by a subacute onset of confusion with altered level of consciousness, seizures, and myoclonus. We describe the case of a 48-year-old gentleman who presented with(More)
OBJECTIVE The UK National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) guideline on diabetes recommends at least annual monitoring of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) for proteinuria. To date, little has been published on the frequency of proteinuria monitoring in T2DM, and its association with risk factors for renal complications. We aimed(More)
Terrestrial breeding with extended incubation has evolved repeatedly in fishes and amphibians but raises challenges for embryos, which must conserve sufficient yolk to continue development until water is available. One means of avoiding premature yolk consumption is for embryos to slow their development such that yolk is consumed more slowly. However slower(More)
We present a case of type 1 cryoglobulinemia with an underlying hematological malignancy. Unusually, the entire unifying diagnosis was made on the basis of the renal biopsy. Initially, serum cryoglobulin was not identified; repeat samples were positive. It is important to note that there is a significant false-negative rate with laboratory testing for(More)
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