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Germline mutations of the CDKN2A gene are found in melanoma-prone families and individuals with multiple sporadic melanomas. The encoded protein, p16(INK4A), comprises four ankyrin-type repeats, and the mutations, most of which are missense and occur throughout the entire coding region, can disrupt the conformation of these structural motifs as well as the(More)
Chronic granulomatous Disease (CGD) is an immunodeficiency disorder affecting about 1 in 250,000 individuals. The disease is caused by mutations in the genes encoding the components of the leukocyte NADPH oxidase. This enzyme produces superoxide, which is essential in the process of intracellular pathogen killing by phagocytic leukocytes. Four of the five(More)
Familial gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) is a rare autosomal dominant genetic disorder associated with KIT germline mutations. In sporadic forms of the disease, somatic mutations target either KIT or PDGFRA genes. In a kindred in which 5 individuals had GIST, no germline mutation in KIT coding sequence has been detected. We hypothesized that the(More)
Mutations in genes encoding proteins that are involved in mitochondrial heme synthesis, iron-sulfur cluster biogenesis, and mitochondrial protein synthesis have previously been implicated in the pathogenesis of the congenital sideroblastic anemias (CSAs). We recently described a syndromic form of CSA associated with B-cell immunodeficiency, periodic fevers,(More)
Mutations of the TMPRSS6 gene, which encodes Matriptase-2, are responsible for iron-refractory iron-deficiency anemia. Matriptase-2 is a transmembrane protease that downregulates hepcidin expression. We report one frameshift (p.Ala605ProfsX8) and four novel missense mutations (p.Glu114Lys, p.Leu235Pro, p.Tyr418Cys, p.Pro765Ala) found in IRIDA patients.(More)
We report the first case of granulomatous mastitis due to Corynebacterium kroppenstedtii linked to strongly impaired neutrophil responses to Nod2 agonist and a single nucleotide polymorphism within the NOD2 gene (SNP13 [Leu1007fsinsC]) in a heterozygous state. These findings provided the first demonstration of impaired Nod2 function associated with(More)
A few families have been described whose members are affected by either cutaneous melanoma (CM) or uveal melanoma (UM), suggesting that a common susceptibility could exist. Although CDKN2A is the main CM predisposing gene, thus far no germline CDKN2A mutations have been described in families with both CM and UM. We report a Gly67Ser missense CDKN2A germline(More)
BACKGROUND Melanoma incidence is higher in patients affected by Parkinson's disease (PD) and vice versa, but the genetic link shared by both diseases is unknown. As PARK2 is both a tumor suppressor gene and frequently mutated in young onset PD, we evaluated the role of PARK2 in melanoma predisposition and progression. METHODS An in-depth PARK2 gene dosage(More)
The cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor p57(Kip2) is required for normal mouse embryonic development. p57(Kip2) consists of four structurally distinct domains in which the conserved C-terminal nuclear targeting domain contains a putative Cdk phosphorylation site (Thr(342)) that shares a great similitude in the adjacent sequences with p27(Kip1) but not with(More)
Chronic granulomatous disease (CGD) is an immunodeficiency disorder affecting about 1 in 250,000 individuals. The disease is caused by a lack of superoxide production by the leukocyte enzyme NADPH oxidase. Superoxide is used to kill phagocytosed micro-organisms in neutrophils, eosinophils, monocytes and macrophages. The leukocyte NADPH oxidase is composed(More)