Caroline Kannengiesser

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Chronic granulomatous Disease (CGD) is an immunodeficiency disorder affecting about 1 in 250,000 individuals. The disease is caused by mutations in the genes encoding the components of the leukocyte NADPH oxidase. This enzyme produces superoxide, which is essential in the process of intracellular pathogen killing by phagocytic leukocytes. Four of the five(More)
Familial gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) is a rare autosomal dominant genetic disorder associated with KIT germline mutations. In sporadic forms of the disease, somatic mutations target either KIT or PDGFRA genes. In a kindred in which 5 individuals had GIST, no germline mutation in KIT coding sequence has been detected. We hypothesized that the(More)
A polymorphism on the MUC5B promoter (rs35705950) has been associated with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) but not with systemic sclerosis (SSc) with interstitial lung disease (ILD). We genotyped the MUC5B promoter in the first 142 patients of the French national prospective cohort of IPF, in 981 French patients with SSc (346 ILD), 598 Italian patients(More)
Genetic causes of hypochromic microcytic anemia include thalassemias and some rare inherited diseases such as DMT1 deficiency. Here, we show that iron deficiency anemia with poor intestinal absorption and defective iron utilization of IV iron is caused by inherited mutations in TMPRSS6, a liver-expressed gene that encodes a membrane-bound serine protease of(More)
Mutations in genes encoding proteins that are involved in mitochondrial heme synthesis, iron-sulfur cluster biogenesis, and mitochondrial protein synthesis have previously been implicated in the pathogenesis of the congenital sideroblastic anemias (CSAs). We recently described a syndromic form of CSA associated with B-cell immunodeficiency, periodic fevers,(More)
Germline mutations of the CDKN2A gene are found in melanoma-prone families and individuals with multiple sporadic melanomas. The encoded protein, p16(INK4A), comprises four ankyrin-type repeats, and the mutations, most of which are missense and occur throughout the entire coding region, can disrupt the conformation of these structural motifs as well as the(More)
The cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor p57(Kip2) is required for normal mouse embryonic development. p57(Kip2) consists of four structurally distinct domains in which the conserved C-terminal nuclear targeting domain contains a putative Cdk phosphorylation site (Thr(342)) that shares a great similitude in the adjacent sequences with p27(Kip1) but not with(More)
Chronic granulomatous disease (CGD) is an immunodeficiency disorder affecting about 1 in 250,000 individuals. The disease is caused by a lack of superoxide production by the leukocyte enzyme NADPH oxidase. Superoxide is used to kill phagocytosed micro-organisms in neutrophils, eosinophils, monocytes and macrophages. The leukocyte NADPH oxidase is composed(More)
BACKGROUND Elevated serum ferritin levels are frequently encountered in clinical situations and once iron overload or inflammation has been ruled out, many cases remain unexplained. Genetic causes of hyperferritinemia associated to early cataract include mutations in the iron responsive element in the 5' untranslated region of the L ferritin mRNA,(More)
Matriptase-2 is a transmembrane serine protease that negatively regulates hepcidin expression by cleaving membrane-bound hemojuvelin. Matriptase-2 has a complex ectodomain, including a C-terminal serine protease domain and its activation requires an autocatalytic cleavage. Matriptase-2 mutations have been reported in several patients with iron-refractory(More)