Caroline K Buckway

Learn More
IGF-I generation tests were developed over 20 yr ago and are currently used in differentiating GH insensitivity (GHI) from other disorders characterized by low serum IGF-I. Nevertheless, generation tests have never been adequately characterized, and insufficient normative data are available. One hundred and ninety-eight subjects [including normal subjects;(More)
Disorders of GH secretion are known to impair the physiological lipostat and to affect the secretion of leptin, a sensitive marker of regional fat accumulation and total body composition. In both children and adults with GH deficiency (GHD), leptin levels are increased proportionately with enhanced adiposity. In GHI, mutations of the GH receptor gene result(More)
The N-terminal domain is conserved in all members of the IGF-binding protein superfamily. Most recently, studies have demonstrated the importance of an IGF-binding protein N-terminal hydrophobic pocket for IGF binding. To examine more critically the amino acids important for IGF binding within the full-length IGF-binding protein-3 protein while minimizing(More)
Growth hormone insensitivity (GHI) has been attributable, classically, to mutations in the gene for the GH receptor. After binding to the GH receptor, GH initiates signal transduction through a number of pathways, including the JAK-STAT pathway. We describe the first patient reported with a mutation in the gene for STAT5b, a protein critical for the(More)
Our understanding of the physiology of the growth hormone-insulin-like growth factor (GH-IGF) axis has been characterized by remarkable advances in the past decade, with clarification of genetic defects in the development of somatotropes, GH secretion and action, and IGF synthesis and action. Combined efforts of research in this area and the development of(More)
Serum levels of growth hormone (GH)-dependent peptides could provide important and valuable measures of GH sensitivity and, potentially, responsiveness. In normal individuals, serum insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) concentrations are dependent on the dose of GH given, with IGF-I responsiveness not decreasing with age. Individuals heterozygous for the(More)
A total of 198 subjects were randomized to either high-dose (0.05 mg/kg.d) or low-dose (0.025 mg/kg.d) GH for 7 d; the alternate dose was then received after a 2-wk washout period. Groups included in the study were: normal, GH-insensitive (GHI; homozygous for the E180 splice mutation); heterozygous GHI (carriers of the E180 splice mutation); GH-deficient;(More)
The insulin-like growth factor (IGF) binding proteins (IGFBPs) were initially identified as carrier proteins for IGF-I and IGF-II in a variety of biologic fluids. Their presumed function was to protect IGF peptides from degradation and clearance, increase the half-life of the IGFs, and deliver them to appropriate tissue receptors. The concept of IGFBPs as(More)