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IGF-I generation tests were developed over 20 yr ago and are currently used in differentiating GH insensitivity (GHI) from other disorders characterized by low serum IGF-I. Nevertheless, generation tests have never been adequately characterized, and insufficient normative data are available. One hundred and ninety-eight subjects [including normal subjects;(More)
The insulin-like growth factor (IGF) binding proteins (IGFBPs) were initially identified as carrier proteins for IGF-I and IGF-II in a variety of biologic fluids. Their presumed function was to protect IGF peptides from degradation and clearance, increase the half-life of the IGFs, and deliver them to appropriate tissue receptors. The concept of IGFBPs as(More)
Biochemical analysis indicates that the STAT-5b mutation affects signaling by both growth hormone (GH) and gamma-interferon. A patient with such a mutation thus manifests two new clinical disorders: (1) growth hormone insensitivity (GHI), which results from a post-receptor defect in GH signaling and (2) a new form of primary immunodeficiency. Given that the(More)
Insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-binding protein (IGFBP)-related proteins (IGFBP-rPs) are newly described cysteine-rich proteins that share significant aminoterminal structural similarity with the conventional IGFBPs and are involved in a diversity of biological functions, including growth regulation. IGFBP-rP1 (MAC25/Angiomodulin/prostacyclin-stimulating(More)
BACKGROUND/AIM Insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) and insulin-like growth factor binding protein 3 (IGFBP-3) generation tests are both sensitive and specific measures of growth hormone (GH) sensitivity. Recently, the question of reproducibility of IGF generation tests has been raised. We report our analysis of the correlation of low- and high-dose GH(More)
The N-terminal domain is conserved in all members of the IGF-binding protein superfamily. Most recently, studies have demonstrated the importance of an IGF-binding protein N-terminal hydrophobic pocket for IGF binding. To examine more critically the amino acids important for IGF binding within the full-length IGF-binding protein-3 protein while minimizing(More)
Disorders of GH secretion are known to impair the physiological lipostat and to affect the secretion of leptin, a sensitive marker of regional fat accumulation and total body composition. In both children and adults with GH deficiency (GHD), leptin levels are increased proportionately with enhanced adiposity. In GHI, mutations of the GH receptor gene result(More)
Our understanding of the physiology of the growth hormone-insulin-like growth factor (GH-IGF) axis has been characterized by remarkable advances in the past decade, with clarification of genetic defects in the development of somatotropes, GH secretion and action, and IGF synthesis and action. Combined efforts of research in this area and the development of(More)
Chondrogenesis results from the condensation of mesenchymal chondroprogenitor cells (MCC) that proliferate and differentiate into chondrocytes. We have previously shown that IGF binding protein (IGFBP)-3 has an IGF-independent antiproliferative effect in MCC. The current study evaluates the IGF-independent apoptotic effect of IGFBP-3 on MCC to modulate(More)