Caroline Johnson - Léger

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Systemic immunosuppression has been associated with stroke for many years, but the underlying mechanisms are poorly understood. In this study, we demonstrated that stroke induced profound behavioral changes in hepatic invariant NKT (iNKT) cells in mice. Unexpectedly, these effects were mediated by a noradrenergic neurotransmitter rather than a CD1d ligand(More)
The 50 patients in this survey were classified by a panel of neurologists into 4 clinical sub-groups: Group Ia ("typical" Friedreich's ataxia, complete picture), Group Ib ("typical" Friedreich's ataxia, incomplete picture), Group IIa ("atypical" Frriedreich's ataxia, possible recessive Roussy-Levy syndrome), Group IIb (heterogeneous ataxias). The clinical(More)
PURPOSE To assess the safety and feasibility of treating critically ill adults with different fever control strategies. METHODS This was a pilot, open-label clinical trial (ClinicalTrials.gov, number NCT01173367) that randomized febrile patients to an aggressive or permissive fever control strategy. For the aggressive and permissive groups, antipyretic(More)
BACKGROUND Delirium and sedative-induced coma are described as incremental manifestations of cerebral dysfunction. Both may be associated with sedative or opiate doses and pharmacokinetic or pharmacogenetic variables, such as drug plasma levels (exposure), drug metabolism, and/or their transport across the blood-brain barrier. OBJECTIVES To compare(More)
Abstract Accumulating pre-clinical data suggests that matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) expression plays a critical role in the pathophysiology of secondary brain injury. We conducted a prospective multimodal monitoring study in order to characterize the temporal MMP response after severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) in eight critically ill humans and its(More)
An increasing number of preclinical investigations have suggested that the degree of expression of the matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) family of endopeptidases may explain some of the variability in neurological damage after traumatic brain injury (TBI). As cytokines are a prominent stimulus for MMP expression in animals, we conducted a prospective(More)
Nucleotide excision repair (NER) prevents skin cancer by eliminating highly genotoxic cyclobutane pyrimidine dimers (CPDs) induced in DNA by the UVB component of sunlight. NER consists of two distinct but overlapping subpathways, i.e., global NER, which removes CPD from the genome overall, and transcription-coupled NER (TCNER), which removes CPD uniquely(More)
BACKGROUND Damage control laparotomy, or abbreviated initial laparotomy followed by temporary abdominal closure (TAC), intensive care unit resuscitation, and planned re-laparotomy, is frequently used to manage intra-abdominal bleeding and contamination among critically ill or injured adults. Animal data suggest that TAC techniques that employ negative(More)
The association between omega-3 (ω-3) fatty acids and prostate cancer has been widely studied. However, little is known about the impact of prostate tissue fatty acid content on prostate cancer progression. We hypothesized that compared with the estimated dietary ω-3 fatty acids intake and the ω-3 fatty acids levels measured in red blood cells (RBC), the(More)
A case of innumerable renal artery aneurysms of probable congenital origin is reported. No other lesion could be found in any other abdominal organ studied. We think it unique as no similar case could be found in the medical literature. Except for right flank malaise, the patient was otherwise asymptomatic. The radiologic diagnostic methods are discussed,(More)