Caroline J. Goldberg

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STUDY DESIGN Retrospective analysis of outcome in terms of incidence of surgery for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis during a period when bracing was not practiced. OBJECTIVES To determine whether centers with an active bracing policy have lower numbers undergoing surgery for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis than a center where nonintervention is the(More)
STUDY DESIGN Preliminary analysis of the clinical value of surface topography in a spinal deformity clinic. OBJECTIVES The Cobb angle is the gold standard for the monitoring of scoliosis. This study was designed to determine whether surface topography would reflect Cobb angle status with sufficient reliability to permit its safe use as an alternative(More)
STUDY DESIGN Retrospective review of patient records, clinical and radiographic, and patient recall for full pulmonary function studies and surface topography. OBJECTIVES Assessment of outcome of treatment policy after age 15 during the previous 30 years to establish the efficacy of management protocols in a group that is too small and too varied for more(More)
Twenty-four children with myelomeningocele and a kyphotic deformity treated by surgical correction between 1980 and 1994 were reviewed. Different techniques of instrumentation and spinal fusion were used. The mean age at surgery was 9.5 years. The mean kyphotic angle was 121 degrees preoperatively, 50 degrees postoperatively, and 57 degrees at final(More)
Thirty-two adolescent girls braced for late onset idiopathic scoliosis at Children's Hospital, Boston were compared with thirty-two untreated girls from Our Lady's Hospital for Sick Children, Dublin, Ireland paired on the basis of curve size and site and age at diagnosis. All were Risser 0 at diagnosis. Study period for the braced group was from brace(More)
Retrospective review of the scoliosis database showed adolescent idiopathic scoliosis to be the most common but least significant variety of spinal deformity. Data from 112 girls diagnosed on repeat screening showed the importance of menarche as a date in the natural history. In the whole database, there were 514 aged at least 15 years at last review, 45(More)
Despite attempts to reduce their incidence, shunt infections remain a major complication of the treatment of hydrocephalus. Various forms of antimicrobial prophylaxis are in use, but no controlled, statistically valid trial has been conducted to assess their efficacy. Such a trial was therefore carried out and its design is described here. After a 1-year(More)
To determine whether equilibrial dysfunction is the cause or effect of idiopathic scoliosis, patients with idiopathic scoliosis, congenital scoliosis, and comparable controls were tested, using clinical postural tests and electronystagmographic recording of spontaneous and positional nystagmus, smooth visual pursuit, and rotation-induced nystagmus. The(More)
STUDY DESIGN Analysis of clinical database material collected prospectively. OBJECTIVE Examination of the association between lateralization of scoliotic curves and the existence of underlying disease. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA It has been suggested that left thoracic scoliosis configurations are intrinsically pathologic, whereas the more usual right(More)
Growth has long been known to be relevant to the development and prognosis of spinal deformity and abnormalities have been considered in the etiology of idiopathic scoliosis. Age at menarche, as an indicator of puberty, in 303 girls with idiopathic scoliosis 10 degrees or more from the Dublin school screening program was 13.13 years, 0.39 years earlier than(More)