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The phosphorylation state of tau changes during neurodevelopment and highly phosphorylated tau accumulates in the paired helical filaments found in Alzheimer's disease. In non-neuronal mammalian cells transiently expressed tau is predominantly not phosphorylated at sites known to be phosphorylated in paired helical filaments. However this pattern of(More)
The apolipoprotein E (apoE) gene has been identified as a susceptibility gene for Alzheimer's disease, although the mechanism whereby apoE exerts this effect has not been determined. The aim of this study was to examine the intracellular fate of apoE and we demonstrate that in mammalian cells-transiently expressing tau and the low density lipoprotein(More)
In this paper, we study a simple model of a purely excitatory neural network that, by construction, operates at a critical point. This model allows us to consider various markers of criticality and illustrate how they should perform in a finite-size system. By calculating the exact distribution of avalanche sizes, we are able to show that, over a limited(More)
Neurofilament accumulations are characteristic of a number of neurological conditions including amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, giant axonal neuropathies and several chemically-induced neuropathies. Although the mechanism(s) leading to neurofilament accumulation are unknown, it is possible that similar processes occur both in disease and in(More)
The electrical activity in the very early human preterm brain, as recorded by scalp EEG, is mostly discontinuous and has bursts of high-frequency oscillatory activity nested within slow-wave depolarisations of high amplitude. The temporal organisation of the occurrence of these EEG bursts has not been previously investigated. We analysed the distribution of(More)
The observation of apparent power laws in neuronal systems has led to the suggestion that the brain is at, or close to, a critical state and may be a self-organised critical system. Within the framework of self-organised criticality a separation of timescales is thought to be crucial for the observation of power-law dynamics and computational models are(More)
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