Caroline Elisabeth Hogen Esch

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BACKGROUND A window of opportunity has been suggested for reducing the risk of celiac disease by introducing gluten to infants at 4 to 6 months of age. METHODS We performed a multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled dietary-intervention study involving 944 children who were positive for HLA-DQ2 or HLA-DQ8 and had at least one first-degree(More)
Lactase-phlorizin hydrolase (LPH), a marker of intestinal differentiation, is expressed in absorptive enterocytes on small intestinal villi in a tightly regulated pattern along the proximal-distal axis. The LPH promoter contains binding sites that mediate activation by members of the GATA-4, -5, and -6 subfamily, but little is known about their individual(More)
BACKGROUND In 1997-1998, 6127 asymptomatic children aged 2-4 years were screened for coeliac disease (CD) by anti-endomysium (EmA) testing in the Netherlands. After 6 (+/-2) months, biopsies were performed in 57 seropositive children; 31(54%) had villous atrophy, but 26 (46%), all HLA-DQ2/DQ8 positive, had normal histology. AIMS To reduce the number of(More)
BACKGROUND PreventCD ( is a European multicentre study, which studies the influence of infant nutrition, and that of genetic, immunologic and environmental factors, on the risk of developing coeliac disease (CD). The hypothesis is that it is possible to induce tolerance to gluten by introducing small quantities of gluten to infants,(More)
OBJECTIVE Celiac disease (CD) is characterized by histologic alterations in small bowel biopsies. Circulating specific CD antibodies at the time of diagnosis and their disappearance after a gluten-free diet support the diagnosis of CD. We aimed to determine the behavior of the CD antibodies immunoglobulin A anti-tissue transglutaminase (anti-TG2) and(More)
OBJECTIVE Coeliac disease (CD) is associated with HLA-DQ2 and DQ8. The clinical picture is variable and certain human leucocyte antigen (HLA) DQ/DR combinations have a higher relative risk (RR) for CD than others. Moreover, the HLA-DQ gene-dose effect has an impact on the strength of the gluten-specific T-cell response and thus may correlate with clinical(More)
OBJECTIVE Subfertility has been reported as a long-term complication of unrecognized and/or untreated coeliac disease (CD); however, the results from studies on this topic are ambiguous. We aimed to determine the prevalence of unrecognized CD in subfertile male-female couples visiting a fertility clinic compared with the general population. METHODS(More)
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