Caroline E. Reinke

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This paper presents a new method for optimal matching in observational studies based on mixed integer programming. Unlike widely used matching methods based on network algorithms, which attempt to achieve covariate balance by minimizing the total sum of distances between treated units and matched controls, this new method achieves covariate balance(More)
This notice is a request for review of and comment on the Draft Guideline for the Prevention of Surgical Site Infection, 1998. The guideline consists of two parts: Part 1. "Surgical Site Infection, an Overview" and Part 2. "Recommendations for the Prevention of Surgical Site Infections", and was prepared by the Hospital Infection Control Practices Advisory(More)
BACKGROUND As electronic discharge summaries (EDS) become more prevalent and health care systems increase their focus on transitions of care, analysis of EDS quality is important. The objective of this study was to assess the timeliness and quality of EDS compared with dictated summaries for surgical patients, which has not previously been evaluated. (More)
BACKGROUND Using Pennsylvania Medicare claims from 1995 to 1996, the authors previously reported that anesthesia procedure length appears longer in blacks than whites. In a new study using a different and larger data set, the authors now examine whether body mass index (BMI), not available in Medicare claims, explains this difference. The authors also(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Laparoscopic appendectomy remains one of the most common emergency general surgical procedures in the United States. In an era of increasing focus on costs in medical care, we sought to evaluate the use of polymeric clips to secure the appendiceal base during laparoscopic appendectomy. METHODS We performed a prospective cohort(More)
Spigelian hernias are rare, making up only 1-2% of all hernias. Like other hernias, they may contain abdominal contents but are more likely to be incarcerated due to the small size of the fascial defect.(1) We describe here the case of a 71-year-old female with a 10-year history of right lower quadrant pain that remained undiagnosed despite multiple imaging(More)
BACKGROUND Venous thromboembolism (VTE) remains a clinical problem in surgical oncology. We report the impact of preoperative initiation of subcutaneous heparin on VTE events after pancreatic surgery. METHODS A retrospective cohort study of patients undergoing pancreatic surgery by a single surgeon and enrolled in the American College of Surgeons National(More)
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