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Biological swarms are collections of many independent agents who are motivated to remain clustered in a large group. The motion of swarms, then, is complex, with the influence if independent members within a coherent structure of the group. We investigated whether human perception of biological swarms was sensitive to this internal complexity of the group(More)
Human-Robot peer-based teams are evolving from a far-off possibility into a reality. Human Performance Moderator Functions (HPMFs) can be used to predict human behavior by incorporating the effects of internal and external influences such as fatigue and workload. The applicability of HPMFs to human-robot teams is not proven. The presented research focuses(More)
Human-swarm interaction is an emerging field encompassing questions related to biology, robotics, computer science, human-computer interaction, and psychology. Swarms are large groups of individual entities that enact group behaviors; biological examples include fish, birds and insects. Swarms overwhelm humans' abilities to monitor and interact with each(More)
Human-Robot peer-based teams are evolving from a far-off possibility into a tangible reality. Human Performance Moderator Functions can be used to predict human behavior by incorporating the effects of internal and external influences, such as fatigue and workload. The applicability of human performance moderator functions to human-robot teams is not(More)
The effect of a robotic teammate on a human partner's workload has not been fully quantified. Prior research found that human participants experienced lower workload when working with a robotic partner than when working with a human partner. An evaluation investigated whether a similar trend in workload exists for tasks requiring direct and collaborative(More)
Typical visualizations of robot swarms (greater than 50 entities) display each individual entity; however, it is immensely difficult to maintain accurate position information for each member in real-world situations with limited communications. Generally, it will be difficult for humans to maintain an awareness of all individual entities. Further, the(More)
Clips from an evaluation where participants, each paired with either a human or robot partner, were deployed to search a hallway for suspicious items, in a manner similar to tactics used by first responders handling bomb threats are presented. The teams used natural, verbal communication to collaborate, determine where hazards were located, and which items(More)
A successful working relationship between a co-adaptive agent and human collaborator requires both responding to each other dynamically, over time. There are many inputs to take into consideration, many of which are variable such as behavior, state, and personality traits. This experiment focuses on tasks and goals with a secondary focus on personality(More)