Caroline E. Chwieralski

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Apoptosis can be mediated by different mechanisms. There is growing evidence that different proteolytic enzymes are involved in the regulation of apoptosis. Cathepsins are proteases which, under physiologic conditions, are localized intralysosomally. In response to certain signals they are released from the lysosomes into the cytoplasm where they trigger(More)
Trefoil factor family (TFF) peptides, besides their prominent expression in mucous epithelia, are also synthesized in the central nervous system. Previously TFF1 expression was observed in mouse brain astrocytes, while oxytocinergic neurons of the hypothalamo-pituitary axis are recognized sites of TFF3 synthesis. Here, the expression of TFF1, TFF2, and TFF3(More)
Injured areas of the respiratory epithelium are subject to rapid repair by the migration of adjacent epithelial cells, a process termed "restitution". Rapid re-epithelialization is promoted by interactions between migrating cells and the extracellular matrix proteins. Furthermore, epidermal growth factor (EGF) as well as trefoil factor family (TFF) peptides(More)
PURPOSE Lung fibrosis can be caused by radiation therapy during cancer treatment and therefore can be the limiting factor of the treatment. The factors that cause the actual fibrosis and the interaction between different cell types were investigated. MATERIALS AND METHODS Epithelial lung cells and fibroblasts were irradiated and different cytokines were(More)
BACKGROUND Allergic asthma is a Th2-type chronic inflammatory disease of the lung. It is characterized by infiltration of eosinophils, neutrophils, mast cells and T lymphocytes into the airways. Th2 cytokines like interleukin (IL)-4, IL-5 and chemokines like eotaxin are increased in the asthmatic response. The processing and presentation of exogenous(More)
Asthma is a chronic inflammatory disease of the airways that is accompanied by goblet cell metaplasia and mucus hypersecretion. Trefoil factor family (TFF) peptides represent major secretory products of the respiratory tract and are synthesized together with mucins. In the murine lung, TFF2 is mainly expressed, whereas TFF1 transcripts represent only a(More)
TFF-peptides (formerly P-domain peptides, trefoil factors) are typical secretory products of many mucous epithelia and are aberrantly secreted during chronic inflammatory diseases. They are known to enhance the migration of intestinal, corneal, and bronchial epithelial cells. Using the human bronchial epithelial cell line BEAS-2B as a model, it is shown(More)
BACKGROUND The 11 human cysteine cathepsins are proteases mainly located in the endolysosomal compartment of all cells and within the exocytosis pathways of some secretory cell types. Cathepsin H (Ctsh) has amino- and endopeptidase activities. In vitro studies have demonstrated Ctsh involvement in the processing and secretion of the pulmonary surfactant(More)
The expression of the trefoil factor family (TFF) genes (TFF1, TFF2, and TFF3) was systematically analyzed in 18 different organs from male or female mice using RT-PCR analysis. The expression patterns showed some gender-specific differences, e.g., TFF3 transcripts in the urinary bladder and liver. Furthermore, the murine expression profile differed from(More)
AIMS Dipeptidyl peptidase IV (DP IV)-related proteases and aminopeptidase N (APN) are drug targets in various diseases. Here we investigated for the first time the effects of DP-IV-related protease inhibitors and APN inhibitors on chronic inflammatory lung diseases. MAIN METHODS A murine model of silica (SiO2)-induced lung fibrosis and in vitro cultures(More)
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