Caroline Dingle

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Altitudinal migration and dispersal is an important component of the life history of several temperate and tropical birds but remains poorly understood due to the limited success of mark and recapture techniques. Stable isotopes of hydrogen (δD) in rainfall, and to a lesser extent, carbon (δ13C) in plants are known to change with altitude and hence may(More)
Song divergence between closely related taxa may play a critical role in the evolutionary processes of speciation and hybridization. We explored song variation between two Ecuadorian subspecies of the gray-breasted wood-wren (Henicorhina leucophrys) and tested the impact of song divergence on response behaviors. Songs were significantly different between(More)
Song divergence among populations can theoretically lead to reproductive divergence and speciation. Despite many studies, this theory is still controversial. Habitat differences have been shown to shape songs, but few studies have looked for a link between ecologically driven acoustic and genetic divergence. We tested whether environmental selection has(More)
Figure 1. Fruits propagated by bowerbirds. (A) Solanum ellipticum plant and fruit. Scale in cm. (B) Established bower surrounded by Solanum plants. (C) Mean (±1 s.e.) numbers of Solanum plants in 2010 at: randomly selected sites within the study area (n = 20); new bower sites that were being used for the first time (n = 11); established bower sites that had(More)
A longitudinal study was carried out to identify the spectrum of intestinal parasites present in conventionally maintained BALB/c mice and Mastomys coucha and to determine the effects of concomitant schistosome infections on their parasite status. Six parasites were observed during the course of the study, namely the nematodes Aspiculuris tetraptera and(More)
Serological tests (ELISA) for cysticercosis were performed on groups of schoolchildren from two rural areas of Southern Africa, Ingwavuma in Northern KwaZulu and Isilimela in the Transkei. 22 of 736 Transkeian children were serologically positive while only 8 of 677 KwaZulu children were positive. These results, when corrected for the sensitivity and(More)
The use of urinalysis reagent strips (Labstix; Ames) in screening for Schistosoma haematobium infection in various schistosomiasis-endemic areas of the RSA was assessed in 941 children. Sensitivity, specificity, false-positive and false-negative rates and the positive predictive value for haematuria and proteinuria were calculated. Both haematuria and(More)
Morbidity from urinary schistosomiasis was assessed on clinical, radiological, parasitologic and biochemical evidence in 510 schoolchildren living in a Schistosoma haematobium endemic area. The results were viewed against the background of the prevalence and intensity of infection in the subjects. Clinical morbidity correlated well with the intensity of(More)
Birdsong is a sexually selected trait that could play an important evolutionary role when related taxa come into secondary contact. Many songbird species, however, learn their songs through copying one or more tutors, which complicates the evolutionary outcome of such contact. Two subspecies of a presumed vocal learner, the grey-breasted wood-wren(More)
Urbanization poses a challenge to bird communication due to signal masking by ambient noise and reflective surfaces that lead to signal degradation. Bird species (especially oscines) have been shown to alter their singing behaviour to increase signal efficiency in highly urbanized environments. However, few studies on the effects of noise on song structure(More)
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