Caroline Carbonnelle

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Ebola virus (EBOV) infection blocks cellular production of alpha/beta interferon (IFN-alpha/beta) and the ability of cells to respond to IFN-alpha/beta or IFN-gamma. The EBOV VP35 protein has previously been identified as an EBOV-encoded inhibitor of IFN-alpha/beta production. However, the mechanism by which EBOV infection inhibits responses to IFNs has not(More)
In this study, release of abundant amounts of the Ebola virus (EBOV) surface glycoprotein GP in a soluble form from virus-infected cells was investigated. We demonstrate that the mechanism responsible for the release of GP is ectodomain shedding mediated by cellular sheddases. Proteolytic cleavage taking place at amino-acid position D637 removes the(More)
Transient expression of Ebola virus (EBOV) glycoprotein GP causes downregulation of surface proteins, cell rounding and detachment, a phenomenon believed to play a central role in the pathogenicity of the virus. In this study, evidence that moderate expression of GP does not result in such morphological changes was provided. It was shown that GP(More)
In order to better understand the influence of RNA transcript context on RNA localization and catalytic RNA efficacy in vivo, we have constructed and characterized several expression cassettes useful for transcribing short RNAs with well defined 5' and 3' appended flanking sequences. These cassettes contain promoter sequences from the human U1 snRNA, U6(More)
BACKGROUND Ebola virus disease (EVD) is a highly lethal condition for which no specific treatment has proven efficacy. In September 2014, while the Ebola outbreak was at its peak, the World Health Organization released a short list of drugs suitable for EVD research. Favipiravir, an antiviral developed for the treatment of severe influenza, was one of(More)
In sharp contrast to human and nonhuman primates, guinea pigs and some other mammals resist Ebola virus (EBOV) replication and do not develop illness upon virus inoculation. However, serial passaging of EBOV in guinea pigs results in a selection of variants with high pathogenicity. In this report, using a reverse genetics approach, we demonstrate that this(More)
AIM There is still no specific therapy for infection with the highly pathogenic avian influenza A virus (HPAI) H5N1, which caused 39 human cases with a 64% fatality rate in 2013. MATERIALS & METHODS We prepared highly purified specific equine polyclonal immunoglobulin fragments (F(ab')2) against H5N1 and tested them for efficacy in vitro and with(More)
The structural protein VP24 of Ebola virus (EBOV) is a determinant of virulence in rodent models and possesses an interferon antagonist function. In this study, we investigate the role of VP24 in EBOV replication using RNA interference by small interfering RNA to knock down the expression of this protein in virus-infected cells. We reveal that VP24 is(More)
Several viral proteins, including nucleocapsid protein, integrase, Vif, Tat, and Nef have been proposed to act as cofactors of HIV-1 reverse transcription. Using two viral RNA probes, one overlapping the primer-binding site (PBS) and the other representing the ribosomal frameshifting signal (FS) of HIV-1 RNA, we found that recombinant full-length Nef(More)
BACKGROUND In 2014-2015, we assessed favipiravir tolerance and efficacy in patients with Ebola virus (EBOV) disease (EVD) in Guinea (JIKI trial). Because the drug had never been used before for this indication and that high concentrations of the drugs were needed to achieve antiviral efficacy against EBOV, a pharmacokinetic model had been used to propose(More)