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This study examined the utility of the Children's Depression Inventory (CDI) for predicting a diagnosis of a depressive disorder derived from the Structured Clinical Interview for Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (4th ed. [DSM-IV], American Psychiatric Association, 1994) Child Edition (KID-SCID). The participants were 80 referred(More)
Investigated specific information-processing biases for food-relevant stimuli in 34 children, Mage = 13 years, SD = 2 years, M = 177% of ideal weight, SD = 24%, who were completing a residential cognitive-behavioral treatment program for severe obesity and 40 matched control children who were not obese, Mage = 13 years, SD = 2 years, M = 103% of ideal(More)
OBJECTIVE This study investigates whether or not obese children have a stronger tendency to act on impulse than normal weight children, taking into account the multidimensionality and complexity of the impulsivity construct. METHOD A performance based test (Matching Familiar Figure Test, MFFT), a child interview and questionnaire, and parental reports(More)
The cognitive model by Beck predicts that formerly depressed individuals remain vulnerable for future depressive episodes due to the existence of stable negative schemas. Activation of those schemas may explain high relapse rates in depression. The present study investigated cognitive vulnerability in remitted depressed children and adolescents. A sample of(More)
The study tests existing evidence on the paradoxical effects of exposure to a forbidden snack. Sixty-eight females were assigned randomly to one of two conditions: a temptation group, who were given the instruction to abstain from a favourite snack for 24h while being exposed to it, or a control group, who were given no specific instructions. A further(More)
Parenting x Child Personality interactions in predicting child externalizing and internalizing behavior were investigated in a variable-centered study and a person-centered study. The variable-centered study used data from a 3-year longitudinal study of 600 children 7 to 15 years old at Time 1 and 512 children 10 to 18 years old at Time 2. Parents rated(More)
OBJECTIVE This article examines thought suppression tendencies in restrained eaters. Furthermore, the dynamics between failing thought suppression and thought control strategies are explored. METHODS One hundred and five overweight and normal-weight boys and girls (12-18 years) participated in a cross-sectional questionnaire-based study. A distinction was(More)
UNLABELLED Cognitive theory is a prominent framework to study depression in both adults and adolescents. This theory stated that dysfunctional schemas are moderators (known as diathesis) in the association of current stress and psychopathology. However, in adolescents, less evidence has been found so far to corroborate the importance of these schemas. This(More)
Differences in eating styles between overweight and normal-weight youngsters were investigated with a child version of the Dutch Eating Behavior Questionnaire (DEBQ). Subjects were children (n=1458; M: 10.1; SD=1.3) and adolescents (n=1016; M: 14.9; SD=1.5). Overweight adolescent girls scored high on emotional eating while overweight adolescent boys(More)
Previous research assumes that there are two seemingly opposing hypotheses for the relation between reward sensitivity (RS) and bodyweight: hyper-responsiveness model and Reward Deficiency Syndrome (RDS), leading to the proposition of a feed forward process of weight gain. High RS may contribute to overeating and weight-gain among normal weight individuals.(More)