Caroline Baumgartner

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Perceptual ratings of hoarseness and breathiness were used to assess the efficacy of two intensive methods for treating dysarthrophonia in individuals with idiopathic Parkinson disease. One method emphasized phonatory-respiratory effort (the Lee Silverman Voice Treatment, LSVT) and the other emphasized respiratory effort alone (RET). Perceptual ratings were(More)
In order to understand and protect ecosystems, local gene pools need to be evaluated with respect to their uniqueness. Cryptic species present a challenge in this context because their presence, if unrecognized, may lead to serious misjudgement of the distribution of evolutionarily distinct genetic entities. In this study, we describe the current(More)
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