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Microsomal triglyceride transfer protein (MTP) is rate-limiting in the assembly and secretion of lipoproteins containing apolipoprotein (apo) B. Previously we demonstrated that Wy 14,643 (Wy), a peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR) alpha agonist, increases apoB-100 secretion despite decreased triglyceride synthesis. In this study, we sought to(More)
Human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) can differentiate in vitro into spontaneously contracting cardiomyocytes (CMs). These cells may prove extremely useful for various applications in basic research, drug discovery, and regenerative medicine. To fully use the potential of the cells, they need to be extensively characterized, and the regulatory mechanisms that(More)
It is now well documented that human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) can differentiate into functional cardiomyocytes. These cells constitute a promising source of material for use in drug development, toxicity testing, and regenerative medicine. To assess their utility as replacement or complement to existing models, extensive phenotypic characterization of(More)
OBJECTIVE Growth hormone (GH) enhances lipolysis in adipose tissue, thereby increasing the flux of fatty acids to other tissues. Moreover, GH increases hepatic triglyceride synthesis and secretion in rats and decreases the action of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR)alpha. PPARalpha is activated by fatty acids and regulates hepatic lipid(More)
Doxorubicin is a chemotherapeutic agent indicated for the treatment of a variety of cancer types, including leukaemia, lymphomas, and many solid tumours. The use of doxorubicin is, however, associated with severe cardiotoxicity, often resulting in early discontinuation of the treatment. Importantly, the toxic symptoms can occur several years after the(More)
We investigated whether the sexually dimorphic secretory pattern of growth hormone (GH) in the rat regulates hepatic gene expression of sterol regulatory element-binding protein-1c (SREBP-1c) and its target genes. SREBP-1c, fatty acid synthase (FAS), and glycerol-3-phosphate acyltransferase (GPAT) mRNA were more abundant in female than in male livers,(More)
The efficiency and accuracy of the drug development process is severely restricted by the lack of functional human cell systems. However, the successful derivation of pluripotent human embryonic stem (hES) cell lines in the late 1990s is expected to revolutionize biomedical research in many areas. Due to their growth capacity and unique developmental(More)
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR) alpha is a nuclear receptor that is mainly expressed in tissues with a high degree of fatty acid oxidation such as liver, heart, and skeletal muscle. Unsaturated fatty acids, their derivatives, and fibrates activate PPARalpha. Male rats are more responsive to fibrates than female rats. We therefore wanted to(More)
Cardiotoxicity testing is a key activity in the pharmaceutical industry in order to detect detrimental effects of new drugs. A reliable human in vitro model would both be beneficial in selection of lead compounds and be important for reducing animal experimentation. However, the human heart is a complex organ composed of many distinct types of(More)
Microsomal triglyceride transfer protein (MTP) is essential and rate limiting for the assembly and secretion of apoB-containing lipoproteins. The aim of this study was to investigate whether gender and GH influence hepatic MTP expression. We used intact, gonadectomized, or hypophysectomized (Hx) adult Sprague Dawley rats. Gonadal steroids and insulin were(More)