Caroline A Owen

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Leukocyte-derived proteinases have the capacity to degrade every component of the extracellular matrix, and thereby play fundamental roles in physiological processes. However, if the activity of these proteinases is uncontrolled or dysregulated, they have the capacity to contribute to tissue injury that potentially affects every organ in the body. Although(More)
Little is known about the cell biology or the biologic roles of polymorphonuclear cell (PMN)-derived matrix metalloproteinase-8 (MMP-8). When activated with proinflammatory mediators, human PMN release only approximately 15-20% of their content of MMP-8 ( approximately 60 ng/10(6) cells) exclusively as latent pro-MMP-8. However, activated PMN incubated on(More)
Increased numbers of T lymphocytes are observed in the lungs of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, but their role in the disease process is not known. We investigated the role of CD8+ T cells in inflammatory cell recruitment and lung destruction in a cigarette smoke-induced murine model of emphysema. In contrast to wild-type C57BL/6J mice(More)
The wick catheter technique was developed in 1968 for measurement of subcutaneous pressure and has been modified for easy intramuscular insertion and continuous recording of interstitial fluid pressure in animals and humans. Studies in dogs of the anterolateral compartment of the leg in simulation of the compartment syndrome showed the technique to be(More)
Serine proteinases of human polymorphonuclear neutrophils play an important role in neutrophil-mediated proteolytic events; however, the non-oxidative mechanisms by which the cells can degrade extracellular matrix in the presence of proteinase inhibitors have not been elucidated. Herein, we provide the first report that human neutrophils express(More)
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) involves aberrant airway inflammatory responses to cigarette smoke (CS) that are associated with epithelial cell dysfunction, cilia shortening, and mucociliary clearance disruption. Exposure to CS reduced cilia length and induced autophagy in vivo and in differentiated mouse tracheal epithelial cells (MTECs).(More)
To determine the role of matrix metalloproteinase-8 (MMP-8) in acute lung injury (ALI), we delivered LPS or bleomycin by the intratracheal route to MMP-8(-/-) mice versus wild-type (WT) mice or subjected the mice to hyperoxia (95% O(2)) and measured lung inflammation and injury at intervals. MMP-8(-/-) mice with ALI had greater increases in lung(More)
Intracompartmental pressures were measured by the wick catheter technique in sixty-five compartments of twenty-seven patients who were clinically suspected of having acute compartment syndromes. A pressure of thirty millimeters of mercury or more was used as an indication for decompressive fasciotomy. The range of normal pressure was from zero to eight(More)
Since the early 1960s, a compelling body of evidence has accumulated to show that proteinases play critical roles in airspace enlargement in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). However, until recently the causative enzymes and their exact roles in pathologic processes in COPD have not been clear. Recent studies of gene-targeted mice in murine(More)
BACKGROUND Catabolism of the extracellular matrix (ECM) contributes to vascular remodeling in health and disease. Although metalloenzymes and cysteinyl proteinases have garnered much attention in this regard, the role of serine-dependent proteinases in vascular ECM degradation during atherogenesis remains unknown. We recently discovered the presence of the(More)