Carolina de Ciuceis

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OBJECTIVE Angiotensin (Ang) II-induced vascular damage may be partially mediated by reactive oxygen species generation and inflammation. Homozygous osteopetrotic mice (Op/Op), deficient in macrophage colony-stimulating factor (m-CSF), exhibit reduced inflammation. We therefore investigated Ang II effects on vascular structure, function, and oxidant stress(More)
BACKGROUND The presence of structural alterations in the microcirculation may be considered an important mechanism of organ damage; however, it is not currently known whether structural alterations of small arteries may predict fatal and nonfatal cardiovascular events. METHODS AND RESULTS One hundred twenty-eight patients were included in the present(More)
OBJECTIVE Arterial hypertension is frequently associated with the presence of endothelial dysfunction in human subcutaneous small resistance arteries, as evaluated by responses to acetylcholine or bradykinin; however it is not known whether patients with diabetes mellitus show similar alterations. Therefore, we have investigated endothelial function in(More)
BACKGROUND. In hypertensive patients, endothelial dysfunction is associated with an increased incidence of cardiovascular events. Calcium-channel antagonists can reverse impaired endothelium-dependent vasodilation in different vascular districts, while conflicting results are found in the brachial artery. Aim. To investigate the effect of barnidipine in(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Protective cardiovascular effects of peroxisome proliferator activated receptor (PPAR)alpha and PPARgamma activators have been demonstrated. If used as vasoprotective agents in high risk vascular patients rather than for their metabolic benefits, these agents could be associated with unwanted side effects. As a proof of concept to(More)
CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE It has been previously demonstrated that aldosterone may possess a strong profibrotic action in vitro and in animal models of genetic or experimental hypertension. Our aim was to evaluate whether such a profibrotic action is present also in the human microcirculation. DESIGN AND PATIENTS We investigated 13 patients with primary(More)
OBJECTIVE A relevant biological role of circulating endothelial progenitor cells (EPC) was recently demonstrated. EPC are generated in the bone marrow, and interact with damaged endothelium, restoring the integrity of the monolayer. Therefore, aim of the present study was to evaluate EPC in the blood of patients with untreated Graves' hyperthyroidism (GD),(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS In patients with obesity, there is increased inflammation with attendant oxidative stress in perivascular adipose tissue. This has functional consequences with loss of vasodilator adipokine bioavailability. Part of the inflammatory response is mediated by increased activation of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone axis. Therefore, this study(More)
BACKGROUND Structural alterations in the microcirculation may be considered an important mechanism of organ damage. An increased tunica media to internal lumen ratio of subcutaneous small-resistance arteries (M:L) may predict the development of cardiovascular events in a high-risk population. However, it is not known whether structural alterations of small(More)
OBJECTIVE Structural alterations in the microcirculation may be considered an important mechanism of organ damage. An increased media-to-lumen ratio of subcutaneous small resistance arteries has been demonstrated to predict the development of cardiocerebrovascular events in hypertensive patients. Alterations in the structure of small cerebral arteries have(More)