Carolina Sepúlveda

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Natural killer cell activity (NKCA) in patients with septic shock was statistically significantly lower than the value recorded for a group of drug-free, healthy volunteers [9.1 +/- 7.8 (n = 20) and 20.6 +/- 16.6 (n = 15), respectively; Student's test, p < 0.05]. As expected, preincubation of peripheral blood lymphocytes from samples taken from a group of(More)
Although the frequency of infection with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is increasing dramatically in areas where Trypanosoma cruzi is endemic, trypanosomiasis has been rarely reported in persons with HIV infection or AIDS. Persons with hemophilia who receive multiple blood product transfusions from blood banks with little or no screening for(More)
Fumonisin B(1) (FB(1)), a mycotoxin produced by Fusarium moniliforme, is a contaminant of cereals with various and complex cellular effects. FB(1) induces liver cancer in rats and has been linked to esophageal cancer in South Africa and China. The mechanisms of FB(1)-induced carcinogenesis are uncertain and the information on FB(1) mutagenic properties is(More)
OBJECTIVE To verify whether chemotaxis is in part an oxidative process mediated by reactive oxygen species (ROS). DESIGN In this prospective study, after removal of seminal plasma, the sperm suspension received no treatment (control), ROS formation by stimulation with phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA), antioxidant treatment (with catalase), or PMA(More)
Phosphoenolpyruvate (PEP) carboxykinases catalyse the reversible formation of oxaloacetate (OAA) and ATP (or GTP) from PEP, ADP (or GDP) and CO(2). They are activated by Mn(2+), a metal ion that coordinates to the protein through the epsilon-amino group of a lysine residue, the N(epsilon-2)-imidazole of a histidine residue, and the carboxylate from an(More)
Integral membrane aspartic acid proteases are receiving growing recognition for their fundamental roles in cellular physiology of eukaryotes and prokaryotes, and may be medically important pharmaceutical targets. The Gram-negative Pseudomonas aeruginosa PilD and the archaeal Methanococcus voltae FlaK were synthesized in the presence of unilamellar liposomes(More)
When compared to controls (n = 30), human immunodeficiency virus type-1 (HIV-1)-positive individuals, either asymptomatic (n = 10) or diagnosed with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) (n = 10), showed a statistically significant decrease in the percentage and absolute number of CD4 ( + ) T-lymphocyte cells (flow cytometry, Becton Dickinson FACScan;(More)
BACKGROUND Rapid early ponderal growth is associated with adverse metabolic risks in young adults born at term. AIM To determine whether there are differences in body composition, resting energy expenditure (REE) and metabolic variables between preterm children born with very low birth weight (VLBW) either appropriate (AGA) or small (SGA) for gestational(More)
Natural killer (NK) cells form a unique third group of lymphocytes that differs from T and B cells in surface phenotype, target cell recognition and function. NK cells have two relevant functions, related to the innate immune response against pathogens microorganisms. One is cytotoxicity, mediated by the recognition and lysis of target cells such as virus(More)
A patient with AIDS developed pulmonary infiltrates typical of infection by P. carinii. However, therapy for this agent was unsuccessful. Further studies including blood cultures revealed the presence of C neoformans. Specific therapy for this agent led to recovery. Concomitant opportunistic infections may cause diagnostic and therapeutic problems in(More)