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The aim of the present study was to assess the effect of the exposure of Leporinus obtusidens (Piava) to zinc and copper on catalase activity in the liver, delta-aminolevulinate dehidratase (delta-ALA-D) activity in liver, muscle, brain and kidney, and thiobarbituric reactive species (TBARS) in brain, muscle and liver. In addition, hematological parameters(More)
Thiamine is an important cofactor of metabolic enzymes, and its deficiency leads to cardiovascular dysfunction. First, we characterized the metabolic status measuring resting oxygen consumption rate and lactate blood concentration after 35 days of thiamine deficiency (TD). The results pointed to a decrease in resting oxygen consumption and a twofold(More)
The teleost fish Leporinus obtusidens (piava) was exposed to different concentrations of Roundup, a commercial herbicide formulation containing glyphosate (0, 1, or 5 mg L(-1)), for 90 days. Acetylcholinesterase (AChE) activity was verified in brain and muscle. Hepatic and muscular metabolic parameters as well as some hematological parameters were(More)
AIMS Thiamine is an important cofactor present in many biochemical reactions, and its deprivation can lead to heart dysfunction. Little is known about the influence of thiamine deprivation on the electrophysiological behavior of the isolated heart cells and information about thiamine deficiency in heart morphology is controversial. Thus, we decided to(More)
We investigated whether swim training protects skeletal muscle from oxidative damage in response to a maximum progressive exercise. First, we investigated the effect of swim training on the activities of the antioxidant enzymes, superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT) and glutathione peroxidase (GPx), in the gastrocnemius muscle of C57Bl/6 mice, 48 h(More)
Long time ago aluminum (Al) was considered as a non-toxic element and its use had no restrictions. However, over the last two decades, scientific publications have indicated that Al is a toxic element. In line with this, aluminum accumulation in the organism is associated with a variety of human pathologies. Efficient therapeutics approach to treat Al(More)
In this study, we investigated zinc and copper effects on acetylcholinesterase (AChE, EC. 3.1.1.7) activity and metal accumulation in tissues of native fish Leporinus obtusidens (piava). Fish were exposed to 10 and 20 % of the LC(50) that corresponded at 2.28 and 4.57 mg/L (zinc) and 0.018 and 0.038 mg/L (copper) for 30 and 45 days. The AChE activity was(More)
Previous studies have demonstrated the harmful effects of atmospheric pollutants on cardiac systems because of the presence of particulate matter (PM), a complex mixture of numerous substances including trace metals. In this study, the toxicity of PM2.5 from two regions, rural (PM2.5 level of 8.5 ± 4.0 μg m(-3)) and industrial (PM2.5 level of 14.4 ± 4.1 μg(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Thiamine deficiency is a condition that is known to cause damage to the nervous and cardiovascular systems because it interferes with cellular metabolism. It is well known that the control of vascular function is highly dependent on the production of nitric oxide (NO) by NO synthases. Studies exploring the physiological relevance of NO(More)