Carolina Mehaffy

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Resistance to rifampin (RIF) and rifabutin (RFB) in Mycobacterium tuberculosis is associated with mutations within an 81-bp region of the rpoB gene (RIF resistance-determining region [RRDR]). Previous studies have shown that certain mutations in this region are more likely to confer high levels of RIF resistance, while others may be found in phenotypically(More)
The transmission and persistence of Mycobacterium tuberculosis within high risk populations is a threat to tuberculosis (TB) control. In the current study, we used whole genome sequencing (WGS) to decipher the transmission dynamics and microevolution of M. tuberculosis ON-A, an endemic strain responsible for an ongoing outbreak of TB in an urban(More)
The antigen 85 (Ag85) complex of Mycobacterium tuberculosis represents a promising candidate as a novel drug target and pathogenesis factor. Ag85 comprises three proteins Ag85A, B and C, (encoded by the genes fbpA, B, and C), which participate in cell wall biosynthesis, and interact with the host macrophage as fibronectin-binding proteins (fbps). Ag85 is(More)
Multidrug-resistant tuberculosis has emerged as a major threat to tuberculosis control. Phylogenetically related rifampin-resistant actinomycetes with mutations mapping to clinically dominant Mycobacterium tuberculosis mutations in the rpoB gene show upregulation of gene networks encoding secondary metabolites. We compared the expressed proteomes and(More)
We determined differences in the protein abundance among two isogenic strains of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) with different Isoniazid (INH) susceptibility profiles. The strains were isolated from a pulmonary tuberculosis patient before and after drug treatment. LC-MS/MS analysis identified 46 Mtb proteins with altered abundance after INH resistance(More)
The use of isobaric tags such as iTRAQ allows the relative and absolute quantification of hundreds of proteins in a single experiment for up to eight different samples. More classical techniques such as 2-DE can offer a complimentary approach for the analysis of complex protein samples. In this study, the proteomes of secreted and cytosolic proteins of(More)
BACKGROUND Evidence from genotype-phenotype studies suggests that genetic diversity in pathogens have clinically relevant manifestations that can impact outcome of infection and epidemiologic success. We studied 5 closely related Mycobacterium tuberculosis strains that collectively caused extensive disease (n = 862), particularly among US-born tuberculosis(More)
Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolates of the Manila sublineage are genetically homogeneous. In this study, we used whole-genome sequencing (WGS) to type a collection of 36 M. tuberculosis isolates of the Manila family. WGS enabled the subtyping of these 36 isolates into at least 10 distinct clusters. Our results indicate that WGS is a powerful approach to(More)
Tuberculosis (TB) is one of the leading causes of death due to an infectious disease in the world. Understanding the mechanisms of drug resistance has become pivotal in the detection and treatment of newly emerging resistant TB cases. We have analyzed three pairs of Mycobacterium tuberculosis strains pre- and post-drug treatment to identify mutations(More)