Carolina Lanaro

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Inflammation, cell adhesion to vascular endothelium, and endothelial injury contribute to sickle cell anemia (SCA) vaso-occlusion. Although alterations in inflammatory cytokines and biomarkers have been related, reports have been conflicting, and a conclusive role for these molecules in the disease remains to be established. Furthermore, the effect of(More)
We are reporting here the results of differential gene expression experiments comparing two siblings, a 21-yr-old male and a 19-yr-old female, with the same alpha-thalassemia genotype (-alpha(3.7)/(--SEA)) and quite different levels of Hb H in the peripheral blood (18.7 and 5%, respectively). By using mRNA differential-display reverse-transcription-PCR and(More)
Using a suppression subtractive hybridization method, we have previously identified genes differentially expressed in erythroid cells heterozygous for large deletions in β-like globin cluster. Herein, we investigated the expression of four newly detected red cell–related genes in erythroid differentiation. ARID1B and TSPYL1, genes with chromatin remodeling(More)
Impairment of nitric oxide (NO)-mediated cavernosal relaxations in middle age contributes to erectile dysfunction. However, little information is available about the alterations of sympathetic neurotransmission and contraction in erectile tissue at middle age. This study aimed to evaluate the alterations of the contractile machinery associated with tyrosine(More)
AIMS Sickle cell disease (SCD) pathogenesis leads to recurrent vaso-occlusive and hemolytic processes, causing numerous clinical complications including renal damage. As vasoconstrictive mechanisms may be enhanced in SCD, due to endothelial dysfunction and vasoactive protein production, we aimed to determine whether the expression of proteins of the(More)
Sickle cell disease (SCD) is one of the most prevalent hematological diseases in the world. Despite the immense progress in molecular knowledge about SCD in last years few therapeutical sources are currently available. Nowadays the treatment is performed mainly with drugs such as hydroxyurea or other fetal hemoglobin inducers and chelating agents. This(More)
Growth differentiation factor 15 (GDF-15) is a bone marrow-derived cytokine whose ability to suppress iron regulator hepcidin in vitro and increased concentrations found in patients with ineffective erythropoiesis (IE)suggest that hepcidin deficiency mediated by GDF-15 may be the pathophysiological explanation for nontransfusional iron overload. We aimed to(More)
The endothelium plays an important role in sickle cell anemia (SCA) pathophysiology, interacting with red cells, leukocytes and platelets during the vaso-occlusive process and undergoing activation and dysfunction as a result of intravascular hemolysis and chronic inflammation. Blood outgrowth endothelial cells (BOECs) can be isolated from adult peripheral(More)
Sickle cell disease (SCD) is a chronic inflammatory condition characterized by high leucocyte counts, altered cytokine levels and endothelial cell injury. As the removal of inflammatory cells by apoptosis is fundamental for the resolution of inflammation, we aimed to determine whether the leucocyte apoptotic process is altered in SCD. Neutrophils from SCD(More)
Modulation of intracellular cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP) may characterize a therapeutic target for sickle cell disease (SCD); cGMP-dependent signalling may be important for erythroid foetal haemoglobin induction and exert anti-inflammatory functions in leucocytes. As the inhibition of phosphodiesterases (PDEs), which regulate intracellular cGMP,(More)