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Inflammation, cell adhesion to vascular endothelium, and endothelial injury contribute to sickle cell anemia (SCA) vaso-occlusion. Although alterations in inflammatory cytokines and biomarkers have been related, reports have been conflicting, and a conclusive role for these molecules in the disease remains to be established. Furthermore, the effect of(More)
We are reporting here the results of differential gene expression experiments comparing two siblings, a 21-yr-old male and a 19-yr-old female, with the same alpha-thalassemia genotype (-alpha(3.7)/(--SEA)) and quite different levels of Hb H in the peripheral blood (18.7 and 5%, respectively). By using mRNA differential-display reverse-transcription-PCR and(More)
Modulation of intracellular cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP) may characterize a therapeutic target for sickle cell disease (SCD); cGMP-dependent signalling may be important for erythroid foetal haemoglobin induction and exert anti-inflammatory functions in leucocytes. As the inhibition of phosphodiesterases (PDEs), which regulate intracellular cGMP,(More)
Hydroxycarbamide (HC) (or hydroxyurea) has been reported to increase fetal haemoglobin levels and improve clinical symptoms in sickle cell anaemia (SCA) patients. However, the complete pathway by which HC acts remains unclear. To study the mechanisms involved in the action of HC, global gene expression profiles were obtained from the bone marrow cells of a(More)
Using a suppression subtractive hybridization method, we have previously identified genes differentially expressed in erythroid cells heterozygous for large deletions in beta-like globin cluster. Herein, we investigated the expression of four newly detected red cell-related genes in erythroid differentiation. ARID1B and TSPYL1, genes with chromatin(More)
Sickle cell disease (SCD) is one of the most prevalent hematological diseases in the world. Despite the immense progress in molecular knowledge about SCD in last years few therapeutical sources are currently available. Nowadays the treatment is performed mainly with drugs such as hydroxyurea or other fetal hemoglobin inducers and chelating agents. This(More)
Sickle cell disease (SCD) is a chronic inflammatory condition characterized by high leucocyte counts, altered cytokine levels and endothelial cell injury. As the removal of inflammatory cells by apoptosis is fundamental for the resolution of inflammation, we aimed to determine whether the leucocyte apoptotic process is altered in SCD. Neutrophils from SCD(More)
The endothelium plays an important role in sickle cell anemia (SCA) pathophysiology, interacting with red cells, leukocytes and platelets during the vaso-occlusive process and undergoing activation and dysfunction as a result of intravascular hemolysis and chronic inflammation. Blood outgrowth endothelial cells (BOECs) can be isolated from adult peripheral(More)
BACKGROUND Preeclampsia is one of the leading causes of maternal and neonatal morbidity and mortality in the world, but its appearance is still unpredictable and its pathophysiology has not been entirely elucidated. Genetic studies have associated single nucleotide polymorphisms in genes encoding nitric oxide synthase and matrix metalloproteases with(More)
OBJECTIVES Erythroid differentiation is a dynamic process in which a pluripotent stem cell undergoes a series of developmental changes that commit it to a specific lineage. These alterations involve changes in gene expression profiles. In this study, gene expression profiles during differentiation of human erythroid cells of a normal blood donor were(More)