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OBJECTIVE Angiotensin (Ang) II-induced vascular damage may be partially mediated by reactive oxygen species generation and inflammation. Homozygous osteopetrotic mice (Op/Op), deficient in macrophage colony-stimulating factor (m-CSF), exhibit reduced inflammation. We therefore investigated Ang II effects on vascular structure, function, and oxidant stress(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIM Increased vascular resistance is a hallmark of hypertension and involves structural alterations, which may entail smooth muscle cell hypertrophy or hyperplasia, or qualitative or quantitative changes in extracellular matrix (ECM) proteins. Since the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system modulates these changes, we investigated the effects(More)
AIM OF THE STUDY Patients with metabolic syndrome (MetS) have an increased risk of cardiovascular disease. Data obtained from muscle biopsies have demonstrated altered insulin signaling (IS) in patients with MetS. The IS regulates critical cell functions including molecular-regulated cellular metabolite fluxes, protein and energetic metabolism, cell(More)
OBJECTIVE Arterial hypertension is frequently associated with the presence of endothelial dysfunction in human subcutaneous small resistance arteries, as evaluated by responses to acetylcholine or bradykinin; however it is not known whether patients with diabetes mellitus show similar alterations. Therefore, we have investigated endothelial function in(More)
BACKGROUND The presence of structural alterations in the microcirculation may be considered an important mechanism of organ damage; however, it is not currently known whether structural alterations of small arteries may predict fatal and nonfatal cardiovascular events. METHODS AND RESULTS One hundred twenty-eight patients were included in the present(More)
OBJECTIVE Structural alterations in the microcirculation may be considered an important mechanism of organ damage. An increased media-to-lumen ratio of subcutaneous small resistance arteries has been demonstrated to predict the development of cardiocerebrovascular events in hypertensive patients. Alterations in the structure of small cerebral arteries have(More)
CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE It has been previously demonstrated that aldosterone may possess a strong profibrotic action in vitro and in animal models of genetic or experimental hypertension. Our aim was to evaluate whether such a profibrotic action is present also in the human microcirculation. DESIGN AND PATIENTS We investigated 13 patients with primary(More)
We hypothesized that resistance arteries from diabetic patients with controlled hypertension have less remodeling than vessels from untreated hypertensive subjects. Eight normotensive subjects (aged 44+/-3 years, 3 men; values are mean+/-SEM), 19 untreated hypertensive subjects (46+/-2 years, 9 men), and 23 hypertensive subjects with type 2 diabetes(More)
BACKGROUND Structural alterations of subcutaneous small resistance arteries, as indicated by an increased media-to-lumen ratio, are frequently present in hypertensive and/or diabetic patients, and may represent the earliest alteration observed. Furthermore, media-to-lumen ratio of small arteries evaluated by micromyography has a strong prognostic(More)
We have evaluated the effects of an ACE inhibitor, enalapril (ENA) and of an angiotensin II receptor blocker, losartan (LOS), administered either at hypotensive or non-hypotensive dosage, on the cardiac and renal structure of spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). Forty-eight rats were included in the study: eight SHR were treated with low-dose (ld, 1(More)