Carolina Carvalho de Souza

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Knowledge of Leishmania virulence is essential for understanding how the contact between the pathogen and host cells can lead to pathogenesis. Virulence in two L. infantum strains was characterized using macrophages and hamsters. Next, we used difference gel electrophoresis (DIGE) and mass spectrometry to identify the differentially expressed proteins. A(More)
BACKGROUND Leishmania (Viannia) braziliensis has been associated with a broad range of clinical manifestations ranging from a simple cutaneous ulcer to destructive mucosal lesions. Factors leading to this diversity of clinical presentations are not clear, but parasite factors have lately been recognized as important in determining disease progression. Given(More)
Interferon gamma (IFN-γ) is a key factor in the protection of hosts against intracellular parasites. This cytokine induces parasite killing through nitric oxide and reactive oxygen species production by phagocytes. Surprisingly, during Leishmania amazonensis infection, IFN-γ plays controversial roles. During in vitro infections, IFN-γ induces the(More)
To date, there is no vaccine available against human leishmaniasis. Although some vaccination protocols can induce immunity in murine models, they fail to induce protection in humans. The reasons for that remain unclear. The aim of the present study was to characterize the changes in the pattern of the immune response during subcutaneous vaccination with(More)
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