Carolin Wagner

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Pathogenicity Islands play a major role in the pathogenesis of infections by Salmonella enterica. The molecular function of Salmonella Pathogenicity Island 4 (SPI4) is largely unknown, but recent work indicated a role of SPI4 for Salmonella pathogenesis in certain animal models. We analysed the virulence functions of SPI4 and observed that SPI4 is(More)
Salmonella enterica is an invasive, facultative intracellular pathogen of animal and man with the ability to colonize various niches in diverse host organisms. The pathogenesis of infections by S. enterica requires adhesion to various host cell surfaces, and a large number of adhesive structures can be found. Depending on the serotype of S. enterica, gene(More)
Invasion is an important microbial virulence strategy to overcome the barrier formed by polarized epithelial cells. Salmonella enterica is a food-borne pathogen that deploys a type III secretion system for the manipulation of the actin cytoskeleton and to trigger internalization into epithelial cells. Here we show that this function is not sufficient to(More)
In patients with chronic cough, nearly 40% of the population does not experience definitive improvement of their cough despite correctly applying the anatomic diagnosis. In many of these patients with refractory cough, laryngeal symptoms are frequent. The region of the larynx/pharynx is configured as a bridge between the esophagus and the upper and lower(More)
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES To assess the incidence of long-term symptomatic and asymptomatic chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH) in a cohort of patients with acute symptomatic pulmonary embolism (PE), and the potential risk factors for its diagnosis. METHODS We conducted a prospective, long-term, follow-up study in 110 consecutive(More)
Type III secretion systems (T3SSs) are key determinants of virulence in many Gram-negative bacterial pathogens. Upon cell contact, they inject effector proteins directly into eukaryotic cells through a needle protruding from the bacterial surface. Host cell sensing occurs through a distal needle "tip complex," but how this occurs is not understood. The tip(More)
Salmonella enterica deploys the giant non-fimbrial adhesin SiiE to adhere to the apical side of polarized epithelial cells. The establishment of close contact is a prerequisite for subsequent invasion mediated by translocation of effector proteins of the Salmonella Pathogenicity Island 1 (SPI1)-encoded type III secretion system (T3SS). Although SiiE is(More)
SiiE from Salmonella enterica is a giant 5,559-residue-long nonfimbrial adhesin that is secreted by a type 1 secretion system (T1SS) and initiates bacterial adhesion to polarized host cells. Structural insight has been gained into the 53 bacterial Ig-like (BIg) domains of SiiE, which account for 94% of the entire SiiE sequence. The crystal structure of a(More)
The giant non-fimbrial adhesin SiiE is essential to establish intimate contact between Salmonella enterica and the apical surface of polarized epithelial cells. SiiE is secreted by a type I secretion system (T1SS) encoded by Salmonella Pathogenicity Island 4 (SPI4). We identified SiiA and SiiB as two regulatory proteins encoded by SPI4. Mutant strains in(More)
The invasion of polarized epithelial cells by Salmonella enterica requires the cooperative activity of the Salmonella pathogenicity island (SPI) 1-encoded type III secretion system (T3SS) and the SPI4-encoded giant non-fimbrial adhesin SiiE. SiiE is a highly repetitive protein composed of 53 bacterial Ig (BIg) domains and mediates binding to the apical side(More)