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Chitosan (CHIT) scaffolds doped with multi-walled carbon nanotubes (CNT) were fabricated and evaluated for their utility as a microbial fuel cell (MFC) anodic material. High resolution microscopy verified the ability of Shewanella oneidensis MR-1 to directly colonize CHIT-CNT scaffolds. Cross-linking agents 1-ethyl-3-[3-dimethylaminopropyl] carbodimide(More)
This research introduces a method for fabrication of conductive electrode materials with hierarchical structure from porous polymer/carbon composite materials. We describe the fabrication of (3-hydroxybutyrate-co-3-hydroxyvalerate) (PHBV) scaffolds doped with carbon materials that provide a conductive three-dimensional architecture that was demonstrated for(More)
One of the key goals of enzymatic biofuel cells research has been the development of a fully enzymatic biofuel cell that operates under a continuous flow-through regime. Here, we present our work on achieving this task. Two NAD(+)-dependent dehydrogenase enzymes; malate dehydrogenase (MDH) and alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH) were independently coupled with(More)
Optimizing the electrical communication between enzymes and electrodes is critical in the development of biosensors, enzymatic biofuel cells, and other bioelectrocatalytic applications. One approach to address this limitation is the attachment of redox mediators or relays to the enzymes. Here we report a simple genetic modification of a glucose oxidase(More)
Multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) were used as doping material for three-dimensional chitosan scaffolds to develop a highly conductive, porous, and biocompatible composite material. The porous and interconnected structures were formed by the process of thermally induced phase separation followed by freeze-drying applied to an aqueous solution of 1 wt %(More)
In this work the shift in fluorescence emission spectra of acrylodan, a polar sensitive fluorophore, has been used to characterize the polarity immediately surrounding cytoplasmic (cMDH) and mitochondrial malate dehydrogenase (mMDH) enzyme immobilized within three-dimensional macroporous chitosan scaffolds. The scaffolds were fabricated from solutions of(More)
In this work we present a biological fuel cell fabricated by combining a Shewanella oneidensis microbial anode and a laccase-modified air-breathing cathode. This concept is devised as an extension to traditional biochemical methods by incorporating diverse biological catalysts with the aim of powering small devices. In preparing the biological fuel cell(More)
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