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To elucidate placebo and nocebo effects in visceral pain, we conducted a functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) study to analyze effects of positive and negative treatment expectations in a rectal pain model. In 36 healthy volunteers, painful rectal distensions were delivered after intravenous application of an inert substance combined with either(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS There exists converging evidence to support a role of pain-related fear in the pathophysiology and treatment of chronic pain conditions. Pain-related fear is shaped by associative learning and memory processes, which remain poorly characterized especially in the context of abdominal pain such as in irritable bowel syndrome (IBS).(More)
Seven patients with heroin addiction were hospitalized and immediately withdrawn from opiates. Abstinence symptomatology was evaluated quantitatively by use of the Himmelsbach Score. Maximal intensity of withdrawal symptomatology was reached within 2 days. beta-Endorphin immunoreactivity in plasma was measured by use of a very sensitive radioimmunoassay(More)
While staging patients with malignant melanoma, cerebral susceptibility artefacts on T2*-weighted/susceptibility-weighted imaging (SWI) sequences without a correlate on contrast-enhanced T1-weighted images can be confusing. Without intravenous contrast enhancement, cavernomas, microhaemorrhages and melanin-containing metastases represent possible(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Previous studies have described a correlation between variants of the circle of Willis and pathological findings, such as cerebrovascular diseases. Moreover, anatomic variations of the anterior cerebral artery (ACA) seem to correspond to the prevalence of aneurysms in the anterior communicating artery (ACoA). The aim of this study was(More)
Fear conditioning is relevant for elucidating the pathophysiology of anxiety, but may also be useful in the context of chronic pain syndromes which often overlap with anxiety. Thus far, no fear conditioning studies have employed aversive visceral stimuli from the lower gastrointestinal tract. Therefore, we implemented a fear conditioning paradigm to analyze(More)
OBJECTIVES Pulsatile tinnitus (PT) is a rare complaint, but can be a symptom of life-threatening disease. It is often caused by vascular pathologies, e.g. dural arteriovenous fistula (dAVF), arteriovenous malformation (AVM) or vascularized tumors. The current diagnostic pathway includes clinical examination, cranial MRI and additional DSA. The aim of this(More)
BACKGROUND Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is an indispensable tool in the diagnostic work-up of multiple sclerosis (MS). To date, guidelines suggest MRI protocols containing axial dual-echo, unenhanced and post-contrast T1-weighted sequences. Especially the usage of dual-echo sequences has markedly improved the ability of MRI to detect cortical and(More)
BACKGROUND The reliable detection of intracranial hemorrhages is important, but just 1 year after the hemorrhage onset it might be missed using T2-weighted spin-echo and gradient-echo sequences. Susceptibility-weighted imaging (SWI) is a new magnetic resonance imaging sequence that is extremely sensitive in hemorrhage detection and that might improve the(More)
Despite the clinical relevance of nocebo effects, few studies have addressed their underlying neural mechanisms in clinically-relevant pain models. We aimed to address the contribution of nocebo effects and their underlying neural circuitry to central pain amplification in visceral pain, as it may develop over repeated painful experiences due to negative(More)