Carole Prost

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The odorant volatile compounds of raw salmon and smoked salmon have been investigated by two gas chromatography-olfactometry methods (frequency detection and odorant intensity) and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. After simultaneous steam distillation-solvent extraction with diethyl ether and the recovery of the aromatic extract in ethanol, qualitative(More)
Three olfactometric methods (olfactometry global analysis, OSME, and AEDA) were compared to evaluate the main impact odorants of cooked mussels. The results obtained from these methods were very similar and well correlated. On the basis of the three techniques, 42 odor-active compounds were detected and 28 were identified. Among these compounds, 6 odorants(More)
An analytical method based on gas chromatography/tandem mass spectrometry (GC-MS/MS) (triple quadrupole device) has been developed for quantification of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in smoked salmon. This method was applied to determine PAH concentrations in smoked fish and assess the impact of four industrial smoking processes on their profiles.(More)
Varying the crushing parameters in a model mouth apparatus gave different crushed apple samples, which were compared to apples crushed in the human mouth by six people. An image analysis method was developed to measure the similarity between apple particles after crushing in the artificial mouth and in the human mouth. Thus, experimental conditions were(More)
The aroma-active and off-flavor compounds of cooked rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) were analyzed by sensory and instrumental analyses. Sensory analysis shows that the aromatic extract obtained by vacuum steam distillation was representative of rainbow trout odor. To obtain more information on odorants of volatile compounds, analyses were conducted on(More)
Gas chromatography-olfactometry consists of sniffing the effluent of a gas chromatograph and leads to the direct determination of potent odorants in food. GC-olfactometry and GC-MS were applied in order to identify volatile compounds, and to characterize potent odorants of cooked wild mussels and bouchot mussels. Eighty-five volatiles were identified by(More)
Volatile compounds of cooked fillets of Silurus glanis reared under two conditions occurring in France were studied. They were extracted by dynamic headspace, identified by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry, and quantified by gas chromatography-flame ionization detection. Odor active volatile compounds were characterized by gas(More)
Four industrial processes for smoking food were studied through their effects on the organoleptic properties of smoked salmon and on the occurrence of 20 polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) known as being contaminants of smoking processes. The contamination by PAHs of the food might be measured by their corresponding toxic equivalent quantity (TEQ)(More)
A new extraction method was applied to the volatile compounds of Palmaria palmata. Dynamic headspace was optimized according to an experimental design, and descriptive sensory analysis and intensity and similarity tests were performed for each extract to assess their respective representativeness. Results showed that extract obtained with crushed algae(More)
The volatile compounds of salmon fillets smoked according to four smoked generation techniques (smoldering, thermostated plates, friction, and liquid smoke) were investigated. The main odor-active compounds were identified by gas chromatography coupled with olfactometry and mass spectrometry. Only the odorant volatile compounds detected by at least six(More)