Carole Planès

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Decrease in alveolar oxygen tension may induce acute lung injury with pulmonary edema. We investigated whether, in alveolar epithelial cells, expression and activity of epithelial sodium (Na) channels and Na,K-adenosine triphosphatase, the major components of transepithelial Na transport, were regulated by hypoxia. Exposure of cultured rat alveolar cells to(More)
Alveolar hypoxia, a common feature of many respiratory disorders, has been previously reported to induce functional changes, particularly a decrease of transepithelial Na and fluid transport. In polarized epithelia, cytoskeleton plays a regulatory role in transcellular and paracellular transport of ions and fluid. We hypothesized that exposure to hypoxia(More)
Alveolar epithelial cells (AEC) are directly exposed to high alveolar O(2) tension. Many pulmonary disorders are associated with a decrease in alveolar O(2) tension and AEC need to develop adaptative mechanisms to cope with O(2) deprivation. Under hypoxia, because of inhibition of oxidative phosphorylation, adenosine triphosphate supply is dependent on the(More)
Sodium transport via epithelial sodium channels (ENaC) expressed in alveolar epithelial cells (AEC) provides the driving force for removal of fluid from the alveolar space. The membrane-bound channel-activating protease 1 (CAP1/Prss8) activates ENaC in vitro in various expression systems. To study the role of CAP1/Prss8 in alveolar sodium transport and lung(More)
Recent investigations point to an important role for peptidases in regulating transcellular ion transport by the epithelial Na(+) channel, ENaC. Several peptidases, including furins and proteasomal hydrolases, modulate ENaC maturation and disposal. More idiosyncratically, apical Na(+) transport by ENaC in polarized epithelia of kidney, airway, and gut is(More)
Semicarbazide-sensitive amine oxidase (SSAO), an enzyme highly expressed on adipocyte plasma membranes, converts primary amines into aldehydes, ammonium and hydrogen peroxide, and is likely involved in endothelial damage during the course of diabetes and obesity. We investigated whether in vitro, adipocyte SSAO was modulated under hypoxic conditions that is(More)
BACKGROUND Hyperactivity of the epithelial sodium (Na+) channel (ENaC) and increased Na+ absorption by airway epithelial cells leading to airway surface liquid dehydration and impaired mucociliary clearance are thought to play an important role in the pathogenesis of cystic fibrosis (CF) pulmonary disease. In airway epithelial cells, ENaC is constitutively(More)
INTRODUCTION Our aim was to evaluate a type 3 portable simplified device as a screening tool for obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) in coronary patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS In 50 patients selected independently from sleep complaints, we compared the number of respiratory events per hour of valid recording time counted automatically by the device and the(More)
BACKGROUND DLCO is the product of the CO transfer coefficient (KCO) by the "accessible" alveolar volume (VA). In theory, the same DLCO may result from various combinations of KCO and VA values, each of which reflect different injury sites and mechanisms. We sought to determine in this study the potential variability of both VA and KCO for fixed values of(More)
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