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Oligodendrocytes are glial cells devoted to the production of myelin sheaths. Myelination of the CNS occurs essentially after birth. To delineate both the times of oligodendrocyte proliferation and myelination, as well as to study the consequence of dysmyelination in vivo, a model of inducible dysmyelination was developed. To achieve oligodendrocyte(More)
PDAPP transgenic mice have been shown to develop age dependently much of the cerebral histopathology associated with Alzheimer's disease. PDAPP mice (3-10 months old) were tested in a battery of memory tasks to determine whether they develop memory-behavioral deficits and whether these deficits occur before or after amyloid deposition. PDAPP mice manifest(More)
The neurosteroid pregnenolone sulfate (PREG-S) has been shown to modulate positively NMDA receptor activity and to have memory enhancing properties in mice. The present study was designed to evaluate the effects of post-training administration of PREG-S, alone or in combination with D-2-amino-5-phosphonovalerate (D-AP5), a competitive NMDA receptor(More)
The effects of the neurosteroid pregnenolone sulfate (PS) on learning as well as on scopolamine-induced learning deficits were studied in Swiss mice using an appetitively reinforced Go-No Go visual discrimination task. Subcutaneous (SC) administration of scopolamine (0.3-3 mg/kg) after the first session of training dose-dependently impairs learning during(More)
Histological analyses were performed on the brains of APP(V717F) transgenic (Tg)mice previously studied in a battery of behavioral tests. We describe here the regional and age-dependent deposition of amyloid in both heterozygous and homozygous Tg mice. We also report that Tg mice show significant and age-dependent changes in synaptic density measured by(More)
The neurosteroid pregnenolone sulfate (PS) has been recently shown to positively modulate NMDA receptors and to have memory enhancing properties in mice. In the present study, we examined the ability of PS to increase retention performance and to reduce deficits induced by a competitive NMDA receptor antagonist, the(More)
The effects of immediate post-training administration of drugs interacting with group I and/or group II glutamate metabotropic receptors (mGluRs) were determined on the retention performance of a partially acquired lever-press learning task in mice. The antagonist (RS)-alpha-methyl-4-carboxyphenylglycine (MCPG) dose-dependently (0. 1-100 nmol/mouse, i.c.v.)(More)
The purpose of the present study was to design an object recognition task in mice and characterize the effects of scopolamine in this paradigm. This task consisted of exposing mice for 6 or 10 min to an object in an open field (trial 1) and, after a delay (1-24 h), testing mice for 10 min with the object and a novel object (trial 2). Mice explored the novel(More)
By performing a whole genome screen in an F2 intercross of two strains of mice (A/J and C57BL/6J), which differ markedly in their behavioral response to a brightly lit open field (O-F), we have mapped several quantitative trait loci (QTL) for this complex behavioral phenotype. QTL on chromosomes 1 and 10 were identified that affect both initial ambulation(More)
When administered intracerebroventricularly to mice performing various learning tasks involving either short-term or long-term memory, secreted forms of the beta-amyloid precursor protein (APPs751 and APPs695) have potent memory-enhancing effects and block learning deficits induced by scopolamine. The memory-enhancing effects of APPs were observed over a(More)