Carole Lesley Thomas

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From the characterization of the recessive resistance gene, sbm1, in pea we have identified the eukaryotic translation initiation factor, eIF4E, as a susceptibility factor required for infection with the Potyvirus, Pea seed-borne mosaic virus. A functional analysis of the mode of action of the product of the dominant allele revealed a novel function for(More)
Plasmodesmata (Pds) traverse the cell wall to establish a symplastic continuum through most of the plant. Rapid and reversible deposition of callose in the cell wall surrounding the Pd apertures is proposed to provide a regulatory process through physical constriction of the symplastic channel. We identified members within a larger family of X8(More)
With the completion of the sequencing of the Arabidopsis genome and the recent advances in proteomic technology, the identification of proteins from highly complex mixtures is now possible. Rather than using gel electrophoresis and peptide mass fingerprinting, we have used multidimensional protein identification technology (MudPIT) to analyse the(More)
Post-transcriptional gene silencing (PTGS) is a homology-dependent process that reduces cytoplasmic RNA levels. In several experimental systems, there is also an association of PTGS with methylation of DNA. To investigate this association, we used plants carrying a transgene encoding the green fluorescent protein (GFP). Gene silencing was induced using(More)
Plasmodesmata provide the cytoplasmic conduits for cell-to-cell communication throughout plant tissues and participate in a diverse set of non-cell-autonomous functions. Despite their central role in growth and development and defence, resolving their modus operandi remains a major challenge in plant biology. Features of protein sequences and/or structure(More)
The relationship between co-suppression and DNA methylation was explored in transgenic plants showing inducible co-suppression following infection with a cytoplasmically replicating RNA virus. Induction resulted in a loss of transgene mRNA and resistance to further infection, factors typical of post-transcriptional gene silencing. In infected plants, de(More)
Using a recombinant potato virus X (PVX) vector, we investigated the relationship between the length of RNA sequence identity with a transgene and the ability to promote post-transcriptional gene silencing (PTGS) and transgene methylation. The lower size limit required for targeting reporter transgene mRNA de novo using PTGS was 23 nucleotides (nt) of(More)
Plasmodesmata (PD) are essential but poorly understood structures in plant cell walls that provide symplastic continuity and intercellular communication pathways between adjacent cells and thus play fundamental roles in development and pathogenesis. Viruses encode movement proteins (MPs) that modify these tightly regulated pores to facilitate their spread(More)
Immunofluorescent staining of Chinese cabbage protoplasts infected with cauliflower mosaic virus (CaMV) showed different patterns of staining when antibodies raised against virus particles or antibodies specific for the CaMV movement protein (P1) were used. Anti-virion serum showed that particles accumulated as small discrete aggregates within the cytoplasm(More)
It has previously been reported that complementary-sense gene products of wheat dwarf virus (WDV), a geminivirus of the genus Mastrevirus that infects monocotyledonous plants, bind to human and maize retinoblastoma (Rb) protein. Rb proteins control cell-cycle progression by sequestering transcription factors required for entry into S-phase, suggesting that(More)