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Pseudopeptide analogues of the delta opioid antagonists H-Tyr-Tic-Phe-Phe-OH (TIPP) and H-Tyr-Tic-Phe-OH (TIP) containing a reduced peptide bond between the Tic2 and Phe3 residues were synthesized. The two compounds, H-Tyr-Tic psi [CH2NH]Phe-Phe-OH (TIPP [psi]) and H-Tyr-Tic psi-[CH2NH]Phe-OH (TIP [psi]), were tested in mu-, delta-, and(More)
Opioid peptide analogs consisting entirely of aromatic amino acid residues and containing conformationally restricted phenylalanine derivatives in position 2 of the peptide sequence were synthesized and pharmacologically characterized in vitro. Both diastereoisomers of H-Tyr-(D or L)-NMePhe-Phe-Phe-NH2 (NMePhe is N alpha-methylphenylalanine) were(More)
The tetrapeptide DALDA (H-Tyr-D-Arg-Phe-Lys-NH2) is a polar and selective mu agonist showing poor penetration of the placental and blood-brain barriers. In an effort to enhance the potency of DALDA, analogues containing 2',6'-dimethyltyrosine (Dmt), N,2',6'-trimethyltyrosine (Tmt), 2'-methyltyrosine (Mmt) or 2'-hydroxy,6'-methyltyrosine (Hmt) in place of(More)
Opioid compounds with mixed mu agonist/delta antagonist properties are expected to be analgesics with low propensity to produce tolerance and dependence. In an effort to strengthen the mu agonist component of the mixed mu agonist/delta antagonist H-Tyr-Tic-Phe-Phe-NH(2) (TIPP-NH(2)), analogues containing structurally modified tyrosine residues in place of(More)
According to the membrane compartment concept the receptor specificity of ligands is based not only on ligand-receptor complementarity but also on specific ligand-membrane interactions. Elaboration of this concept for opioid peptide-receptor interactions had led to the assumption that mu- and delta-receptors are located in anionic and cationic membrane(More)
The discovery of the prototype delta opioid antagonists TIPP (H-Tyr-Tic-Phe-Phe-OH) and TIP (H-Tyr-Tic-Phe-OH) in 1992 was followed by extensive structure-activity relationship studies, leading to the development of analogues that are of interest as pharmacological tools or as potential therapeutic agents. Stable TIPP-derived delta opioid antagonists with(More)
The development of novel delta opioid antagonists and delta opioid agonists structurally derived from the prototype delta antagonist TIPP (H-Tyr-Tic-Phe-Phe-OH), is reviewed. Both delta antagonists and delta agonists with extraordinary potency and unprecedented delta receptor selectivity were discovered. Some of them are already widely used as(More)
The influence of the side chain charges of the second and fourth amino acid residues in the peptidic μ opioid lead agonist Dmt-d-Arg-Phe-Lys-NH(2) ([Dmt(1)]-DALDA) was examined. Additionally, to increase the overall lipophilicity of [Dmt(1)]-DALDA and to investigate the Phe(3) side chain flexibility, the final amide bond was N-methylated and Phe(3) was(More)
Recent studies showed that dermorphin and enkephalin analogues containing two methyl groups at the 2',6'-positions of the Tyr(1) aromatic ring and lacking an N-terminal amino group were moderately potent delta and mu opioid antagonists. These results indicate that a positively charged N-terminal amino group may be essential for signal transduction but not(More)
Using a combination of solid-phase and solution methods, we synthesized a series of cyclic [Leu5]enkephalin analogues by substitution of D-alpha, omega-diamino acids in position 2 of the enkephalin sequence and cyclization of the omega-amino group to the C-terminal carboxy group of leucine. Cyclic analogues containing D-alpha, beta-diaminopropionic acid(More)