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Comparative genomics has revealed that some species have exceptional genomes, compared to their closest relatives. For instance, some species have undergone a strong reduction of their genome with a drastic reduction of their genic repertoire. Deciphering the causes of these atypical trajectories can be very difficult because of the many phenomena that are(More)
A significant part of eukaryotic noncoding DNA is viewed as the passive result of mutational processes, such as the proliferation of mobile elements. However, sequences lacking an immediate utility can nonetheless play a major role in the long-term evolvability of a lineage, for instance by promoting genomic rearrangements. They could thus be subject to an(More)
Bacterial genomes show substantial variations in size. The smallest bacterial genomes are those of endocellular symbionts of eukaryotic hosts, which have undergone massive genome reduction and show patterns that are consistent with the degenerative processes that are predicted to occur in species with small effective population sizes. However, similar(More)
Microbiology research has recently undergone major developments that have led to great progress towards obtaining an integrated view of microbial cell function. Microbial genetics, high-throughput technologies and systems biology have all provided an improved understanding of the structure and function of bacterial genomes and cellular networks. However,(More)
The phenotypic effects of random mutations depend on both the architecture of the genome and the gene-trait relationships. Both levels thus play a key role in the mutational variability of the phenotype, and hence in the long-term evolutionary success of the lineage. Here, by simulating the evolution of organisms with flexible genomes, we show that the need(More)
Abstract Systems biology invites us to consider the dynamic interactions between the components of a living cell. Here, by evolving artificial organisms whose genomes encode protein networks, we show that a coupling emerges at the evolutionary time scale between the protein network and the structure of the genome. Gene order is more stable when the protein(More)
In the past few years, numerous research projects have focused on identifying and understanding scaling properties in the gene content of prokaryote genomes and the intricacy of their regulation networks. Yet, and despite the increasing amount of data available, the origins of these scalings remain an open question. The RAevol model, a digital genetics(More)
We propose here a new evolutionary algorithm, the RBF-Gene algorithm, to optimize Radial Basis Function Neural Networks. Unlike other works on this subject, our algorithm can evolve both the structure and the numerical parameters of the network: it is able to evolve the number of neurons and their weights. The RBF-Gene algorithm's behavior is shown on a(More)
By using Aevol, a simulation framework designed to study the evolution of genome structure, we investigate the effect of homologous rearrangements on the course of evolution. We designed an efficient model of rearrangements based on an intermittent search algorithm. Then, using experimental in silico evolution, we explore the effect of rearrangement rates(More)
The organization of genomes shows striking differences among the different life forms. These differences come along with important variations in the way genomes are transcribed, operon structures being frequent in short genomes and the exception in large ones, while ncRNAs are frequent in large genomes but rare in short ones. Here, we use the digital(More)