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In 1982, members of the Musculoskeletal Tumor Society, representing sixteen centers for the treatment of bone and soft-tissue cancer, compiled data regarding the hazards associated with 329 biopsies of primary malignant musculoskeletal sarcomas. The investigation showed troubling rates of error in diagnosis and technique, which resulted in complications and(More)
At the Academic Orthopaedic Society meeting in San Francisco on November 8 and 9, 1996, the membership addressed the issue of ethics and industry in an academic setting. Using a Delphi panel technique, they arrived at a definition of conflict of interest, and 41 separate points of acceptable and unacceptable behavior related to gifts, research awards, and(More)
A 67-year-old man had symptoms of peripheral vascular disease and was noted to have a carotid bruit. Duplex ultrasound examination of the neck demonstrated a short segmental occlusion of the proximal internal carotid artery (ICA) with antegrade flow distal to the occlusion maintained by an anomalous branch of the ICA. Angiography confirmed the findings and(More)
Non-ossifying fibroma of bone (NOF) is a common entity, more frequently found in male children and consisting of a solitary eccentric, lytic expanded lesion in the metaphysis of a long bone. The disorder is benign and most often asymptomatic but may result in a fracture requiring therapy. Of some importance is to distinguish NOF from another very similar(More)
Understanding the structure and formation of bone and the metabolic diseases that cause intrinsic biochemical alterations and ultimate damage to the skeletal system is an essential part of orthopaedic education and knowledge. Metabolic bone diseases such as rickets, osteomalacia, renal osteodystrophy, hyperparathyroidism, and osteoporosis often lead to(More)
Librarians are being urged to conduct research as one of their professional responsibilities. Many librarians, however, avoid research, because they believe it is beyond their capabilities or resources. This paper discusses the importance of conducting applied research-research directed toward solving practical problems. The paper describes how one library(More)
Metabolic bone disease and some of the disorders of the skeleton are associated with alterations in calcium and phosphorus homeostasis. For example, calcium salts are not freely soluble in body fluids and increases in either calcium or phosphate or both can lead to deposition of calcium salts in the soft tissues. In addition, because the crystalline(More)
The Academic Orthopaedic Society met in April 1994 to discuss manpower issues in orthopaedics. The members developed an approach using the Delphi system to define and obtain consensus on the characteristics of the ideal residency. Six categories of educational attributes were included: General; Clinical Management; Skills and Technical Aspects;(More)