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STUDY OBJECTIVES In the UK, studies of socioeconomic differentials in mortality have generally relied upon occupational social class as the index of socioeconomic position, while in the US, measures based upon education have been widely used. These two measures have different characteristics; for example, social class can change throughout adult life, while(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate strength of associations between risk factors for cardiovascular disease and socioeconomic position during childhood and adulthood. DESIGN Cross sectional analysis of status of cardiovascular risk factors and past and present social circumstances. SUBJECTS 5645 male participants in the west of Scotland collaborative study, a(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the association between social circumstances in childhood and mortality from various causes of death in adulthood. DESIGN Prospective observational study. SETTING 27 workplaces in the west of Scotland. SUBJECTS 5645 men aged 35-64 years at the time of examination. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES Death from various causes. RESULTS(More)
OBJECTIVES To assess the influence of socioeconomic position over a lifetime on risk factors for cardiovascular disease, on morbidity, and on mortality from various causes. DESIGN Prospective observational study with 21 years of follow up. Social class was determined as manual or non-manual at three stages of participants' lives: from the social class of(More)
PURPOSE To describe the effect of atrial fibrillation on long-term morbidity and mortality. SUBJECTS AND METHODS The Renfrew/Paisley Study surveyed 7052 men and 8354 women aged 45-64 years between 1972 and 1976. All hospitalizations and deaths occurring during the subsequent 20 years were analyzed by the presence or absence of atrial fibrillation at(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the relation between forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1) and subsequent mortality. DESIGN Prospective general population study. SETTING Renfrew and Paisley, Scotland. SUBJECTS 7058 men and 8353 women aged 45-64 years at baseline screening in 1972-6. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE Mortality from all causes, ischaemic heart(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVE To study the association between reported milk consumption and cardiovascular and all cause mortality. DESIGN A prospective study of 5765 men aged 35-64 at the time of examination. SETTING Workplaces in the west of Scotland between 1970 and 1973. PARTICIPANTS Men who completed a health and lifestyle questionnaire, which asked about(More)
OBJECTIVES Height is inversely associated with cardiovascular disease mortality risk and has shown variable associations with cancer incidence and mortality. The interpretation of findings from previous studies has been constrained by data limitations. Associations between height and specific causes of death were investigated in a large general population(More)
OBJECTIVE This study investigated the association between long-term exposure to black smoke (BS) air pollution and mortality in two related Scottish cohorts with 25 years of follow-up. METHODS Risk factors were collected during 1970-1976 for 15331 and 6680 participants in the Renfrew/Paisley and Collaborative cohorts respectively. Exposure to BS during(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the associations of individual and area-based socioeconomic indicators with cardiovascular disease risk factors and mortality. DESIGN Prospective study. SETTING The towns of Renfrew and Paisley in the west of Scotland. PARTICIPANTS 6961 men and 7991 women included in a population-based cardiovascular disease screening study(More)