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We report on a 3-year-old boy with moderate developmental delay, abnormal craniofacial features and ventricular septal defect resulting from trisomy of the long arm of chromosome 20. The cytogenetic defect consists of a de novo isolated interstitial duplication in distal 20q [dup(20)(q13.2q13.2)]. The duplication was detected by comparative genomic(More)
Microduplications 22q11.2 have been recently characterized as a new genomic duplication syndrome showing an extremely variable phenotype ranging from normal or mild learning disability to multiple congenital defects and sharing some overlapping features with DiGeorge/velocardiofacial syndrome (DGS/VCFS), including heart defects, urogenital abnormalities and(More)
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES Although there is strong evidence implicating genetic factors in congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) pathogenesis, few causal genes have been identified. Many studies suggest that early disruption of the retinoid signaling pathway during gestation may contribute to CDH etiology. Chromosome abnormalities are detected in 10-20% of CDH(More)
Mosaic trisomy 8 is a relatively common chromosomal abnormality, which shows a great variability in clinical expression, however cases with phenotypic abnormalities tend to present with a distinct, recognizable clinical syndrome with a characteristic facial appearance, a long, slender trunk, limitation of movement in multiple joints, and mild-to-moderate(More)
Congenital Complex Chromosome rearrangements (CCRs) compatible with life are rare in humans. We report a de novo CCR involving chromosomes 8, 11 and 16 with 4 breakpoints in a patient with mild dysmorphic features, acquisition delay and psychotic disorder. Conventional cytogenetic analysis revealed an apparently balanced 8;16 translocation. Further FISH(More)
We present the prenatal diagnosis of a chromosome 11q14.3-q22.1 deletion identified in three generations without apparent phenotypic consequences. A 25-year-old G2, P1 woman underwent amniocentesis at 15 weeks' gestation because of a positive result for Down syndrome maternal serum-screening test (1/70). The fetal karyotype revealed an interstitial deletion(More)
Heterochromatin confined to pericentromeric and secondary constriction regions plays a major role in morphological variation of chromosome 9, because of its size and affinity for pericentric inversion. We report on a 6-year-old boy with growth and language delay, minor facial anomalies and unusual chromosome 9 variant with an extra-band in the centromeric(More)
Cytogenetics is the part of genetics that deals with chromosomes, particularly with numerical and structural chromosome abnormalities, and their implications in congenital or acquired genetic disorders. Standard karyotyping, successfully used for the last 50 years in investigating the chromosome etiology in patients with infertility, fetal abnormalities and(More)