Carole Creuzenet

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The O antigen of lipopolysaccharide in Gram-negative bacteria plays a critical role in bacterium-host interactions, and for pathogenic bacteria it is a major virulence factor. In Pseudomonas aeruginosa serotype O6 one of the initial steps in O-antigen biosynthesis is catalyzed by a saccharide epimerase, WbpP. WbpP is a member of the UDP-hexose 4-epimerase(More)
Yersinia pseudotuberculosis O:2a harbours 6-deoxy-d-manno-heptose in its O-antigen. The biological function of 6-deoxyheptose and its role in virulence is unknown and its biosynthetic pathway has not been demonstrated experimentally. Here, we show that dmhA and dmhB are necessary for 6-deoxyheptose biosynthesis in Y. pseudotuberculosis. Their disruption(More)
Campylobacter jejuni produces multiple glycoproteins whose glycans contain 4-amino 6-deoxy sugars or their derivatives, such as diacetamidobacillosamine or pseudaminic acid. Because the proteoglycans contribute to bacterial virulence and their constitutive sugars are not commonly found in humans, inhibitors developed against the enzymes that are responsible(More)
The cell wall of Aspergillus fumigatus contains two galactose-containing polysaccharides, galactomannan and galactosaminogalactan, whose biosynthetic pathways are not well understood. The A. fumigatus genome contains three genes encoding putative UDP-glucose 4-epimerases, uge3, uge4, and uge5. We undertook this study to elucidate the function of these(More)
FlaA1 is a small soluble protein of unknown function in Helicobacter pylori. It has homologues that are essential for the virulence of numerous medically relevant bacteria. FlaA1 was overexpressed as a histidine-tagged protein and purified to homogeneity by nickel chelation and cation exchange chromatography. Spectrophotometric assays, capillary(More)
WbpM is essential for the biosynthesis of B-band lipopolysaccharide (LPS) in many serotypes of Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Homologues that can functionally complement a wbpM null mutant and that are also necessary for virulence have been identified in numerous pathogenic bacteria. WbpM and most of its homologues are large membrane proteins, which has long(More)
Campylobacter jejuni encodes numerous sugar-nucleotide-modifying enzymes potentially involved in the biosynthesis of surface carbohydrates. One of them, CJ1293, is involved in flagellin glycosylation but its biochemical activity remains unknown. Using over-expressed and purified protein, we demonstrate that CJ1293 has UDP-GlcNAc-specific C(6) dehydratase(More)
FlaA1 from the human pathogen Helicobacter pylori is an enzyme involved in saccharide biosynthesis that has been shown to be essential for pathogenicity. Here we present five crystal structures of FlaA1 in the presence of substrate, inhibitors, and bound cofactor, with resolutions ranging from 2.8 to 1.9 A. These structures reveal that the enzyme is a novel(More)
As an update to previously published recommendations for the management of Helicobacter pylori infection, an evidence-based appraisal of 14 topics was undertaken in a consensus conference sponsored by the Canadian Helicobacter Study Group. The goal was to update guidelines based on the best available evidence using an established and uniform methodology to(More)
Glycosylation of flagellins by pseudaminic acid is required for virulence in Helicobacter pylori. We demonstrate that, in H. pylori, glycosylation extends to proteins other than flagellins and to sugars other than pseudaminic acid. Several candidate glycoproteins distinct from the flagellins were detected via ProQ-emerald staining and DIG- or biotin-(More)