Carola Maria Rosseland

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The purposes of this review are to assess the human exposure and human and experimental evidence for adverse effects of brominated flame-retardants (BFRs) with specific focus on intake from seafood. The leakage of BFRs from consumer products leads to exposure of humans from fetal life to adulthood. Fish and fish products contain the highest levels of BFRs(More)
Many recent reports on internucleosomal DNA fragments have appeared, however, little is known about the mechanisms of the generation of their upstream high molecular weight (HMW) fragments. Caspases are a family of proteases with important functions in the execution of apoptotic cell death. The caspase-sensitivity of the formation of HMW fragments was(More)
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are implicated in tissue damage causing primary hepatic dysfunction following ischemia/reperfusion injury and during inflammatory liver diseases. A potential role of extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) as a mediator of survival signals during oxidative stress was investigated in primary cultures of hepatocytes exposed(More)
Ras proteins mediate signals both via extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1 and 2 (ERK), and phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K). These signals are key events in cell protection and compensatory cell growth after exposure to cell damaging and pro-apoptotic stimuli, thus maintaining homeostasis. By transfection techniques, we found that both H-Ras and K-Ras(More)
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) function as signaling molecules mainly by reversible oxidation of redox-sensitive target proteins. ROS can be produced in response to integrin ligation and growth factor stimulation through Rac1 and its effector protein NADPH oxidase. One of the central roles of Rac1-NADPH oxidase is actin cytoskeletal rearrangement, which is(More)
In this study, we provide novel insight into the mechanism of how ERK2 can be sorted to different intracellular compartments and thereby mediate different responses. MEK1-activated ERK2 accumulated in the nucleus and induced proliferation. Conversely, MEK2-activated ERK2 was retained in the cytoplasm and allowed survival. Localization was a determinant for(More)
p53 plays a major role in the prevention of tumor development. It responds to a range of potentially oncogenic stresses by activating protective mechanisms, most notably cell-cycle arrest and apoptosis. The p53 gene is also induced during normal liver regeneration, and it has been hypothesized that p53 serve as a proliferative 'brake' to control excessive(More)
INTRODUCTION/OBJECTIVES Cell cycle progression is driven by the coordinated regulation of cyclin-dependent kinases (CDKs). In response to mitogenic stimuli, CDK4 and CDK2 form complexes with cyclins D and E, respectively, and translocate to the nucleus in the late G(1) phase. It is an on-going discussion whether mammalian cells need both CDK4 and CDK2(More)
In this study, we report a novel role of FAK as a regulator of Cdk2 in anchorage-dependent primary cultured hepatocytes. In response to EGF, we found that S-phase entry was reduced upon FAK inhibition. This correlated with decreased protein expression and nuclear accumulation of the G1/S-phase regulator Cdk2. Further, nuclear accumulation of the Cdk2(More)
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