Carola Ledderose

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The choice of reliable reference genes is a prerequisite for valid results when analyzing gene expression with real-time quantitative PCR (qPCR). This method is frequently applied to study gene expression patterns in immune cells, yet a thorough validation of potential reference genes is still lacking for most leukocyte subtypes and most models of their in(More)
OBJECTIVE Acquired glucocorticoid resistance frequently complicates the therapy of sepsis. It leads to an exaggerated proinflammatory response and has been related to altered expression profiles of glucocorticoid receptor isoforms glucocorticoid receptor-α (mediating anti-inflammatory effects) and glucocorticoid receptor-β (acting as a dominant negative(More)
Neutrophil chemotaxis requires excitatory signals at the front and inhibitory signals at the back of cells, which regulate cell migration in a chemotactic gradient field. We have previously shown that ATP release via pannexin 1 (PANX1) channels and autocrine stimulation of P2Y2 receptors contribute to the excitatory signals at the front. Here we show that(More)
The phosphodiesterase inhibitor pentoxifylline (PTX) exerts multiple beneficial immunomodulatory effects in states of hyperinflammation. However, the exact mechanism of action still remains elusive, and the clinical effects of PTX cannot be reliably predicted. In immune cells, the G protein-coupled adenosine A2A receptor (A2AR) exerts strong(More)
Ghrelin is a peptide hormone mainly produced by the stomach, which strongly stimulates the release of growth hormone (GH) via the GH secretagogue receptor 1a (GHSR-1a) located in the hypothalamus. It has been reported to exert performance-enhancing effects on myocardial function, and as both ghrelin and GHSR-1a are expressed in myocardial tissues, the(More)
A key step in the pathogenesis of sepsis is the excessive and uncontrolled activation of polymorphonuclear neutrophils (PMNs). An inflammation-controlling function of adenosine receptors has been presumed; however, their role in PMN of sepsis patients is poorly defined. We investigated the expression of adenosine receptors in resting and lipopolysaccharide(More)
BACKGROUND We analyzed prospectively whether MGMT (O(6)-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase) mRNA expression gains prognostic/predictive impact independent of MGMT promoter methylation in malignant glioma patients undergoing radiotherapy with concomitant and adjuvant temozolomide or temozolomide alone. As DNA-methyltransferases (DNMTs) are the enzymes(More)
Hypertonic saline (HS) resuscitation has been studied as a possible strategy to reduce polymorphonuclear neutrophil (PMN) activation and tissue damage in trauma patients. Hypertonic saline blocks PMNs by adenosine triphosphate (ATP) release and stimulation of A2a adenosine receptors. Here, we studied the underlying mechanisms in search of possible reasons(More)
The enhanced release of reactive oxygen species by excessively activated polymorphonuclear leucocytes (PMN) is a key step in the pathogenesis of sepsis. Potent action of adenosine in inhibiting cytotoxic PMN functions has been documented. Recent data, however provide evidence that in sepsis a diminished capability of adenosine to inhibit the generation of(More)
Immunosuppressive signaling via the adenosine A2A receptor (A2AR) is an important pathway to control inflammation. In immune cells, expression levels of A2ARs influence responsiveness to inflammatory stimuli. However, mechanisms driving expressional changes of A2ARs are still largely elusive. In the current study, we have investigated the impact of(More)