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Background: Embryo implantation requires that uterine epithelium develops competence to bind trophoblast to its apical (free) poles. This essential element of uterine receptivity seems to depend on a destabilisation of the apico-basal polarity of endometrial epithelium. Accordingly, a reorganisation of the actin cytoskeleton regulated by the small GTPase(More)
Embryo implantation involves adhesion of trophoblast cells to the epithelial lining of the endometrium. Using an in-vitro model to simulate this initial interaction, we previously reported that attachment of human trophoblast-like JAR spheroids to human uterine epithelial RL95-2 cells provokes a Ca(2+) influx in RL95-2 cells depending on apically localized(More)
Rhesus monkey embryonic stem (rhES) cells were grown on mouse embryonic fibroblast (MEF) feeder layers for up to 10 days to form multilayered colonies. Within this period, stem cell colonies differentiated transiently into complex structures with a disc-like morphology. These complex colonies were characterized by morphology, immunohistochemistry, and(More)
Embryo implantation is initiated by interaction of trophoblast with uterine epithelium via the apical cell poles of both partners. Using spheroids of human trophoblastoid JAR cells and monolayers of human uterine epithelial RL95-2 cells to simulate this initial interaction, we previously demonstrated that formation of stable cell-to-cell bonds depends on(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis inducing ligand (TRAIL-R1) (TNFRSF10A) and TRAIL-R2 (TNFRSF10B) on the plasma membrane bind ligands that activate apoptotic and other signaling pathways. Cancer cells also might have TRAIL-R2 in the cytoplasm or nucleus, although little is known about its activities in these locations. We(More)
Recently, there have been several advancements in material sciences and nanosciences. At the moment these new techniques are slowly entering into clinical settings in drug delivery and imaging. In this review, we will look more closely at the applications that are at the forefront of this translation and examine critical aspects that are involved in the(More)
UNLABELLED Targeted nanoparticle-based technologies show increasing prevalence in radiotracer design. As a consequence, quantitative contribution of nonspecific accumulation in the target tissue, mainly governed by the enhanced permeability and retention (EPR) effect, becomes highly relevant for evaluating the specificity of these new agents. This study(More)
Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) and chronic pancreatitis, representing one risk factor for PDAC, are characterized by a marked desmoplasia enriched of pancreatic myofibroblasts (PMFs). Thus, PMFs are thought to essentially promote pancreatic tumorigenesis. We recently demonstrated that the adhesion molecule L1CAM is involved in(More)
INTRODUCTION Potential confounding factors in bioluminescence imaging (BLI)-quantification need to be identified to improve its accuracy and repeatability. PURPOSE The aim of this study was to study the degree to which plasma protein binding of BLI substrates influences signal intensity and quantification, both in vitro and in vivo. PROCEDURES Protein(More)
CCR7 expression on tumor cells promotes lymphatic spread in several malignant tumors. However, a comprehensive characterization of the CCL19/CCL21-CCR7 axis in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC), which is known for its high rates of lymph-node metastases, is still lacking. CCR7 mRNA and CCR7 protein were found to be expressed in spheroid cultures of(More)