Learn More
  • Michelle A. Linterman, Wim Pierson, Sau K. Lee, Axel Kallies, Shimpei Kawamoto, Tim F. Rayner +8 others
  • 2011
Figure 6. T FR restrict the outgrowth of non-antigen specific clones in the germinal center. Flow cytometric contour plots (a) and graphs (b) of total GL-7 + CD95 + germinal center B cells and (c) NP + germinal center B cells ten days after immunization of Foxp3 WT and Foxp3 DTR mice that have been treated with DT 6 days after NP-KLH immunization.(More)
T-cell help for B cells is essential for high-affinity antibody responses and B-cell memory. Recently, the identity of a discrete follicular population of T cells that has a crucial role in this process has become clearer. Similar to primed CD4(+) T cells in the tonsils and memory CD4(+) T cells in the peripheral blood, this follicular population of T cells(More)
During T cell-dependent responses, B cells can either differentiate extrafollicularly into short-lived plasma cells or enter follicles to form germinal centers (GCs). Interactions with T follicular helper (Tfh) cells are required for GC formation and for selection of somatically mutated GC B cells. Interleukin (IL)-21 has been reported to play a role in Tfh(More)
Production of high-affinity pathogenic autoantibodies appears to be central to the pathogenesis of lupus. Because normal high-affinity antibodies arise from germinal centers (GCs), aberrant selection of GC B cells, caused by either failure of negative selection or enhanced positive selection by follicular helper T (T(FH)) cells, is a plausible explanation(More)
T follicular helper cells (Tfh cells) localize to follicles where they provide growth and selection signals to mutated germinal center (GC) B cells, thus promoting their differentiation into high affinity long-lived plasma cells and memory B cells. T-dependent B cell differentiation also occurs extrafollicularly, giving rise to unmutated plasma cells that(More)
Exceptionally germinal center formation can be induced without T cell help by polysaccharide-based antigens, but these germinal centers involute by massive B cell apoptosis at the time centrocyte selection starts. This study investigates whether B cells in germinal centers induced by the T cell-independent antigen (4-hydroxy-3-nitrophenyl)acetyl (NP)(More)
OBJECTIVE To define cellular mechanisms by which B cells promote type 1 diabetes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS The study measured islet-specific CD4 T cell regulation in T-cell receptor transgenic mice with elevated frequencies of CD4 T cells recognizing hen egg lysozyme (HEL) autoantigen expressed in islet β-cells and thymic epithelium under control of(More)
  • Alvin Pratama, Monika Srivastava, Naomi J. Williams, Ilenia Papa, Sau K. Lee, Xuyen T. Dinh +6 others
  • 2015
Tight control of T follicular helper (Tfh) cells is required for optimal maturation of the germinal centre (GC) response. The molecular mechanisms controlling Tfh-cell differentiation remain incompletely understood. Here we show that microRNA-146a (miR-146a) is highly expressed in Tfh cells and peak miR-146a expression marks the decline of the Tfh response(More)
  • Monika Srivastava, Guowen Duan, Nadia J. Kershaw, Vicki Athanasopoulos, Janet H. C. Yeo, Toyoyuki Ose +14 others
  • 2015
Roquin is an RNA-binding protein that prevents autoimmunity and inflammation via repression of bound target mRNAs such as inducible costimulator (Icos). When Roquin is absent or mutated (Roquin(san)), Icos is overexpressed in T cells. Here we show that Roquin enhances Dicer-mediated processing of pre-miR-146a. Roquin also directly binds Argonaute2, a(More)
MOTIVATION Increasingly, cost-effective high-throughput DNA sequencing technologies are being utilized to sequence human pedigrees to elucidate the genetic cause of a wide variety of human diseases. While numerous tools exist for variant prioritization within a single genome, the ability to concurrently analyze variants within pedigrees remains a challenge,(More)