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Studies of singletons suggest that right-handed individuals may have higher levels of testosterone than do left-handed individuals. Prenatal testosterone levels are hypothesised to be especially related to handedness formation. In humans, female members from opposite-sex twin pairs may experience elevated level of prenatal exposure to testosterone in their(More)
BACKGROUND Heavy acute alcohol drinking decreases blood testosterone in men due to an effect on the testicular level. An acute increase in blood testosterone levels after a low alcohol dose has, however, recently been reported in women. The objective of this investigation was to study the effect of a low alcohol dose on testosterone in men and further(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE To compare the usefulness of carbohydrate-deficient transferrin (CDT), the ratio of CDT to total transferrin, and hemoglobin-acetaldehyde adducts with mean cell volume (MCV) and gamma-glutamyl transferase (GGT) in the follow-up of alcohol abuse during pregnancy. METHODS Forty-four pregnant drug and alcohol abusing female patients(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS The transcription factor nuclear factor-eythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2(-/-)) is essential for protecting cells against xenobiotic and oxidative stress. Increased oxidative stress has been implicated in the pathophysiology of many diseases including ethanol-induced liver disease. Therefore, the role of Nrf2(-/-) in ethanol-induced liver(More)
BACKGROUND Animal research suggests a programming effect of prenatal stress in the fetal period, resulting in disruptions in behavioural and neuromotor development. Physiological changes that mediate these effects include alterations in the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis and in testosterone levels. This human study focuses on changes related to these(More)
Liver cystolic aldehyde dehydrogenase 1 (ALDH1A1) has been previously associated with both alcohol dependence and alcohol consumption behaviour, and has been implicated in alcohol-induced flushing and alcohol sensitivity in Caucasians. The present study tested for association between ALDH1A1 and alcohol consumption behaviour and susceptibility to problem(More)
The aim of the study was to investigate the effect of repeated maternal separation (MS; 4 hr per day) during postnatal Days 1 to 15 on emotionality and voluntary ethanol intake in adult male and female Wistar rat offspring relative to controls exposed to a brief (5-min) daily handling procedure. Brain immunoreactive opioid peptide levels and plasma levels(More)
The daily fluid intake of male rats of the alcohol-preferring (AA) and alcohol-avoiding (ANA) lines with simultaneous access to 10% (v/v) ethanol and water was determined during a baseline period (2 weeks), following adrenalectomy (1 week), and for 2 weeks following corticosterone treatment. The results showed that adrenalectomized AA rats decreased their(More)