Carola A. Neumann

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Prostate cancer (PCa) is the most frequently diagnosed malignancy in men, and the second highest contributor of male cancer related lethality. Disease mortality is due primarily to metastatic spread, highlighting the urgent need to identify factors involved in this progression. Activation of the genetic epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT) program is(More)
Recent studies suggest that Peroxiredoxin 1 (Prdx1), in addition to its known H₂O₂-scavenging function, mediates cell signaling through redox-specific protein-protein interactions. Our data illustrate how Prdx1 specifically coordinates p38MAPK-induced signaling through regulating p38MAPKα phosphatases in an H₂O₂ dose-dependent manner. MAPK phosphatases(More)
D cyclins (D1, D2, and D3) are components of the core cell cycle machinery in mammalian cells. It is unclear whether each of the D cyclins performs unique, tissue-specific functions or the three proteins have virtually identical functions and differ mainly in their pattern of expression. We previously generated mice lacking cyclin D1, and we observed that(More)
PURPOSE MicroRNAs (miRNAs) have emerged as critical regulators of many cellular pathways. Ionizing radiation (IR) exposure causes DNA damage and induces premature senescence. However, the role of miRNAs in IR-induced senescence has not been well defined. Thus, the purpose of this study was to identify and characterize senescence-associated miRNAs(More)
Sphingosine kinase 1 (SK1) is an important enzyme involved in the production of the bioactive lipid sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P). SK1 is overexpressed in many forms of cancer, however, the contribution of SK1 to cancer progression is still unclear. One of the best characterized mutations found in several forms of human cancer is an activating point(More)
Breast cancer is a highly complex tissue composed of neoplastic and stromal cells. Carcinoma-associated fibroblasts (CAFs) are commonly found in the cancer stroma, where they promote tumor growth and enhance vascularity in the microenvironment. Upon exposure to oxidative stress, fibroblasts undergo activation to become myofibroblasts. These cells are highly(More)
The association of a variant of antithrombin III (AT III Bligny) and protein C deficiency is described in a 36-year-old patient having suffered from severe thrombotic episodes. His mother has protein C deficiency and showed a single episode of thrombophlebitis following surgery. His father, sister and daughter have the variant AT III and are asymptomatic.(More)
Cellular DNA is organized into chromosomes and capped by a unique nucleoprotein structure, the telomere. Both oxidative stress and telomere shortening/dysfunction cause aging-related degenerative pathologies and increase cancer risk. However, a direct connection between oxidative damage to telomeric DNA, comprising <1% of the genome, and telomere(More)
Breastfeeding can reduce breast cancer risk; however, unknown factors modify this protective effect. Zinc (Zn) modulates an array of cellular functions including oxidative stress, cell proliferation, motility and apoptosis. Marginal Zn intake is common in women and is associated with breast cancer. We reported that marginal Zn intake in mice leads to(More)
Inherited or acquired tamoxifen resistance is a major constraint in the endocrinological treatment of breast carcinomas. We developed an enzyme-immunoassay that discriminates between tamoxifen-sensitive and -resistant tumors. The procedure was established and standardized using two xenografted breast carcinomas – 3366 (highly sensitive to tamoxifen) and(More)